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Winter Journal

Volume 28, Issue 1

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Jon Seals

As people increasingly turn to social media after a disaster — both to get information and check to see if their friends and family have been affected — the platforms are creating disaster-specific tools. Twitter Alerts, for example, was launched in September 2013 as a way to highlight emergency information from vetted agencies across the social networking platform. And now Facebook has joined the movement with a new tool, called Safety Check, that’s designed to be an easy way for users to let their friends and family members know if they’re OK after a disaster.

Introduced via a blog post on Oct. 15, the company says that in addition to helping users let others know if they’re safe, Safety Check also allows users to check on people in the affected area and mark friends as safe. The feature works on Facebook’s desktop and mobile applications, including Android and iOS.

When users are within the vicinity of an area affected by a disaster, they will receive a notification from Facebook asking if they’re safe. Selecting “I’m Safe” will post an update on that user’s Facebook page.

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http://www.emergencymgmt.com/disaster/Facebook-Safety-Check-Feature-Disasters.html

(MCT) — California is on track to deliver, within two years, an earthquake early warning system that can give 10 seconds to a minute or more warning that a major earthquake is about to hit, officials said Thursday.

The development of such a system would enable gas and electric utilities, railroad operators, crane operators and people time to take evasive action, said Sen. Alex Padilla, D-Pacoima. His Senate Bill 135 mandated that an early-warning system be developed.

The bill, which went into effect in January, required the state Office of Emergency Services to develop a statewide earthquake early warning system to alert Californians in advance of dangerous shaking.

The initial cost to build and operate the system for five years is $80 million.

On Thursday, Padilla said that state Office of Emergency Services officials have told him the system is on track to be operational by January 2016.

...

http://www.emergencymgmt.com/disaster/California-Officials-Target-2016-Earthquake-Early-Warning.html

Winter storms caused $1.9 billion in insured losses in 2013, five times higher than the $38 million in damages seen in 2012, so it’s good to read via NOAA’s U.S. Winter Outlook that a repeat of last year’s winter of record cold and snow is unlikely.

In a release, NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center says:

Last year’s winter was exceptionally cold and snowy across most of the United States, east of the Rockies. A repeat of this extreme pattern is unlikely this year, although the Outlook does favor below-average temperatures in the south-central and southeastern states.”

While the South may experience a colder winter, the Outlook favors warmer-than-average temperatures in the western U.S., Alaska, Hawaii and New England, according to NOAA.

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http://www.iii.org/insuranceindustryblog/?p=3820

Over the past 40 years, tidal flooding has quadrupled in many low-lying areas, but that change is accelerating due to sea level rising. According to a new study, even moderate rising could as much as triple coastal flooding events in many communities in the next 15 years. Based on even moderate projections for sea level rise from the 2014 National Climate Assessment, the Union of Concerned Scientists’ study “Encroaching Tides” calls attention to the threat of routine tidal flooding to much of the East and Gulf Coasts. As opposed to storm surges, tidal flooding occurs far more regularly, bringing water above the base sea level during routine tide patterns or, for example, twice a month due to the moon’s increased gravitational pull.

With anticipated sea level rise, even daily tides may flood many areas, according to the report. As the base sea level changes, deviations take on new meanings–which can have drastic implications for property.

...

http://www.riskmanagementmonitor.com/east-coast-tidal-flooding-could-triple-by-2030

Enterprise and colocation data centers now able to parallel up to six Liebert eXL UPS units to provide up to 4.15 MW of redundant capacity

COLUMBUS, Ohio – Emerson Network Power, a business of Emerson (NYSE:EMR) and a global leader in maximizing availability, capacity and efficiency of critical infrastructure, has extended the capacity of the Liebert eXL family of large, transformer-free uninterruptible power supply (UPS) systems with today’s introduction of the Liebert® eXL 1200 kVA/kW UPS, as well as upgrades to the previously released 800 kVA/kW model. 

Ideal for colocation facilities and large enterprise data centers, the Liebert eXL UPS 1200 kVA is available in single module and 1+N (distributed bypass) multi-module systems, providing a choice of applications to best meet business needs. The Liebert UPS helps data centers maximize operational efficiency and increase PUE by delivering efficiency up to 97 percent in double conversion mode, with a potential savings of up to $12,000 per year over competitive technologies. Flexible configurations and capacity-on-demand with Softscale technology help data center managers conserve capital by enabling them to limit their initial investment, while allowing them to rapidly expand capacity.

“Large enterprise data centers and colocation facilities are looking for the most efficient UPS systems that can help them maximize efficiency, reduce operating expenses, improve PUE, achieve service level agreements and cost-effectively prepare for unpredictable future power requirements,” said David Sonner, vice president, marketing for Emerson Network Power in North America. “The Liebert eXL UPS enables today’s dynamic data centers to be rapidly deployed, flexible and easily scalable. It does this by offering high operating efficiency, smaller footprint, higher power density, optimal power delivery, scalable architecture and lower installation cost.”

Softscale technology allows the Liebert eXL UPS to provide capacity-on-demand,  initially sized to current power requirements and easily scaled to a larger capacity without adding footprint. The Liebert UPS can also parallel up to six units to increase capacity and redundancy. The unity power factor rating of the Liebert eXL UPS enables it to provide more usable power to address computing demand for modern IT loads, thereby eliminating the need to oversize the UPS. The larger capacity rating means that systems can be designed with fewer modules, reducing cost, complexity and possible points of failure.

The Liebert eXL UPS includes an integrated 10.4 inch color human machine interface (HMI) touchscreen which enables operators to see unit status at a glance, and provides detailed information making it easy to understand, diagnose and control the UPS. The system is enabled with Emerson’s LIFE Services with remote diagnostic and real-time communication, which allows for proactive maintenance and a condensed service cycle. This results in a decreased Mean Time to Repair (MTTR) and an improved Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF). It also has out-of-the-box compatibility with Emerson Network Power’s data center infrastructure management (DCIM) system, the Trellis platform, and is compatible with the Liebert Nform and Liebert SiteScan monitoring and reporting systems.

Since UPS battery failures continue to be the primary cause of unplanned outages, the  Liebert eXL UPS battery cabinets are available with factory installed and tested Alber® BDSUi battery monitoring systems, which continuously monitor battery health in order to provide advance warning of a pending battery failure, as well as enable maintenance and replacement based on the condition of the batteries rather than arbitrarily timed schedules.

The Liebert eXL UPS joins the previously introduced 800 kVA model and will be available in North America, Central America and South America for 480V, 60 Hz applications. The Liebert eXL UPS 1200 kVA SMS, 800 kVA 1+N,  and all Softscale models will be available to ship in January 2015, and the 1200 kVA 1+N system will be available to ship in March 2015.

For more information on the Liebert eXL UPS, or other technologies and services from Emerson Network Power, visit www.Liebert.com.

Following the release of Insignia Communications’s latest report ‘The effect of social media on breaking news’, managing director, Jonathan Hemus, discusses what the findings mean for business continuity managers.

By Jonathan Hemus

With the increased use of social media and ‘citizen journalism’, people are creating and sharing more information than ever before. It is now far easier (and quicker) for disgruntled employees, unhappy customers and campaigners to voice their opinions online – providing a wealth of content for journalists in a crisis.

A perfect example of this affected Apple just last month. Two days after the iPhone 6 went on sale on 19th September, images surfaced on social media showing phones which appeared to have bent in people’s pockets as a result of accidental pressure. Within hours, the pictures had spread like wildfire on Twitter with thousands of people posting comments using the hashtags Bentgate and Bendgate: an unwanted headache for Apple and further proof of the speed at which social media can propel an issue into the spotlight.

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http://www.continuitycentral.com/feature1238.html

One of the reasons I enjoy writing about technology, particularly data technology, is because I believe it can illuminate real-world problems. So you can imagine my frustration when I tried to fact-check the conflicting data on Ebola’s infection rates. One article claimed a case fatality rate of 25 percent, while another cited 90 percent.

I checked and, surprisingly, both are right — well, sort of. WHO states:

"The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.”

This week, WHO bumped that fatality rate to 70 percent.

The reason the numbers range so widely is simple: West African health care systems and reporting structures aren’t advanced enough to properly track it, according to the CDC.

That’s a rational explanation, but it doesn’t resolve the confusion. Surely, if we’re serious about stopping the spread of Ebola and finding a cure, we’re going to need real data.

...

http://www.itbusinessedge.com/blogs/integration/where-is-the-data-in-the-fight-against-ebola.html

It took home improvement retailing giant Home Depot about a week before it finally confirmed it had suffered a data breach. Home Depot first reported the possibility of a breach on 2 September 2014, but did not actually confirm the hacking until 8 September. During that time, the company made somewhat vague statements that it was still carrying out an investigation to determine whether or not its systems had actually been compromised.

Based on the company’s recent press release confirming the breach (see “The Home Depot Provides Update on Breach Investigation“), it appears that Home Depot’s internal IT security team was unaware that its payment data systems had been compromised. Instead, it looks as if the company only caught on to the breach, and then launched its investigation, once it had received reports from banking partners and law enforcement officials notifying the company of suspicious activity with payment cards used at the retailer’s various stores. (This is a trend we are seeing more often, and it is disturbing because it signals that the malware used to infect store POS systems is very difficult to detect.) The company believes the breach took place initially sometime in April 2014. No information regarding the size of the breach was included in the press release.

...

http://blog.cutter.com/2014/10/16/developing-an-incident-response-plan-for-data-breaches/

(MCT) — When hurricanes sweep across the ocean’s surface, they whip up a foamy mix of sea and air, swapping energy in a loop that can crank up the force of powerful storms.

The physics of that exchange — nearly impossible to measure in the dangerous swirl of a real storm — has remained largely a mystery, vexing meteorologists who have struggled to improve intensity predictions even as they bettered forecast tracks. Now scientists have a shot at solving that puzzle with a new 38,000-gallon research tank unveiled this month at the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science at the University of Miami.

Powered by a 1,400-horsepower engine, the tank will let scientists map Category 5 hurricanes in three dimensions for the first time.

“It can really help us understand why this behavior is occurring,” said Mark Powell, an atmospheric scientist with the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration who published a study on the exchange in the journal Nature in 2003.

...

http://www.emergencymgmt.com/disaster/New-Research-Tank-Might-Hold-Key-Hurricane-Forecasts.html

WARREN, Mich. – The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) encourages disaster survivors to visit one of the four Disaster Recovery Centers in Macomb, Oakland and Wayne counties to learn about the many paths toward recovering from the August severe storms and flooding.

The recovery centers are one-stop shops where disaster survivors can register for assistance, discuss types of disaster assistance programs with specialists, receive the status of their existing application and obtain other information.

The advantage of already being registered before visiting a recovery center is that FEMA staff can look up an applicant’s case and tell how it is progressing. The same information is available at FEMA’s toll-free number, but the face-to-face experience at the centers makes it easier.

U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) customer service representatives at the recovery centers can explain the several different kinds of low-interest, long-term disaster assistance loans available. Not only businesses and private nonprofit organizations, but homeowners and renters can apply for SBA disaster recovery loans.

Rebuilding stronger and safer homes is the specialty of FEMA’s mitigation specialists. They are at the centers and can explain how to protect property against damaging winds and floods, and reduce damages from future events.

The centers should not be confused with the recovery support sites located throughout neighborhoods in southeast Michigan. The support sites are open for a short period of time and are staffed with FEMA personnel who can help survivors register and quickly answer questions about disaster assistance programs.

It is not necessary to go to a recovery center to register for the various federally-funded recovery programs that can be accomplished better by phone or on the web.

Register at www.DisasterAssistance.gov or via smart phone or Web-enabled device at m.fema.gov. Applicants may also call 1-800-621-3362. TTY users may call 1-800-462-7585.

The toll-free telephone numbers will operate from 7 a.m. to 11 p.m. EDT seven days a week until further notice.

The deadline for individuals to apply for disaster assistance is Nov. 24, 2014.

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FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards. Follow FEMA online at twitter.com/femaregion5, www.facebook.com/fema, and www.youtube.com/fema.  Also, follow Administrator Craig Fugate's activities at twitter.com/craigatfema. The social media links provided are for reference only. FEMA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies or applications.

English: http://www.fema.gov/disaster/4195

Spanish: http://www.fema.gov/es/disaster/4195