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I wrote in a previous post about a data center survey that found that CEOs, not CIOs, are the ones who most frequently make data center-related purchasing decisions. I noted that I wasn’t particularly surprised by that finding, but there was another finding in the same survey that did surprise me: A whopping 61 percent of the companies surveyed don’t measure their power usage effectiveness, or PUE.

I discussed that finding with Matt Miszewski, senior vice president of sales and marketing at Digital Realty, the data center operations services provider that commissioned the survey. I recognize that measuring PUE isn’t the be-all and end-all of advancing green data center operations, but the number of companies that don’t bother to measure it still seemed awfully high to me. I asked Miszewski if he was surprised by the finding, and to what he attributes the lack of focus in this area. His response:



With June 1 signaling the official start of the 2014 Atlantic Hurricane Season, all eyes are on the North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico for the development of tropical storms. Fortunately, conditions for a cyclone are currently unfavorable and there’s no sign of imminent risk. But, that may not be the case for long.

In its 2014 Atlantic Hurricane Season outlook issued May 22, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Climate Prediction Center forecasted near-normal or below-normal activity with 8-13 named storms, 3-6 actual hurricanes, and 1-2 major hurricanes. Most will not take place until the peak of the season, which for the Atlantic Basin, runs from August through October. The greatest risk of cyclone development typically comes in early to mid-September.



Department of Business, Innovation & Skills Minister, Right Hon David Willetts MP, has announced the certification framework for Cyber Essentials, the governments new initiative aimed at creating a minimum expected capability for cyber security.  

The Cyber Essentials Scheme (CES), announced in April, helps businesses  by clearly detailing five basic cyber controls that can be cost effectively implemented in most businesses and demonstrate the minimum that should be in place to combat crime and disruption.  

David Willets said “The recent GOZeuS and CryptoLocker attacks, as well as the Ebay hack, shows how far cyber-criminals will go to steal people’s financial details, and we absolutely cannot afford to be complacent.”



With the start of the World Cup less than a week away, employers are being urged to update business continuity plans ahead of football fever – particularly where they relate to staff absences.

Staff absences are more prone to rise during large sporting events, which has are more significant impact on employers whose staff are working shifts.

Jo Eccles, business adviser at the Forum of Private Business, says: “Sporting events such as the World Cup can bring a real feel good factor and many people will want to watch and get behind England. While the majority of matches may be in the evening out of office hours for most of us, the final fixture will be towards the end of the working day and employers may want to arrange plans to allow staff to be able to watch what could be the big decider for Hodgson and his team.”



Many organizations responded to the Heartbleed Bug by conducting the appropriate risk assessments and vulnerability scanning to determine whether they were running vulnerable versions of Linux containing the affected OpenSSL versions (1.0.1 through 1.0.1f). If the vulnerability was found, they quickly moved to close it, but many organizations determined that the servers or systems they were running weren’t at risk.

The simple fact is that for hundreds of thousands of sites that ran the vulnerable OpenSSL code – which was in distribution for a year – we will probably never know whether the vulnerability was exploited, or exactly what data may have been compromised as a result of Heartbleed’s memory scraping.



The US-based Transportation Research Board has issued a new report entitled ‘A Guide for Public Transportation Pandemic Planning and Response.’

The report is designed to assist transportation organizations as they prepare for pandemics and other infectious diseases, such as seasonal flu. It outlines broad guidance on dealing with pandemic preparedness planning and provides information, tools, tips, and guidance on where to find up-to-date recommendations from federal agencies and other resources, prior to and during a pandemic.

Read the report here (PDF).

Continuity Software has published the results of its latest Service Availability Benchmark Survey, designed to enable IT infrastructure, business continuity and disaster recovery professionals to compare their organization's performance and practices to that of their peers.

The key findings of the report, based on responses from 155 IT professionals across a wide range of industries and geographies, are:

  • Over half of the companies (59 percent) had an outage in the past three months and 28 percent had an outage in the past month;
  • 41 percent of the organization surveyed missed their service availability goal for mission critical systems in 2013;
  • 66 percent of the respondents have initiatives for improving service availability management in 2014;
  • Proactive identification of risks is the top challenge 20 percent of the respondents face in ensuring service availability;
  • The most common and most effective strategy for ensuring service availability is virtualization HA, used by 72 percent of the respondents this year compared to 63 percent in 2013.

"It is discouraging to see that such a high percentage of organizations continue to miss their service availability goals, despite the tremendous effort and investment made across the infrastructure," said Doron Pinhas, CTO, Continuity Software. "IT teams are finding themselves in a never-ending chase to keep up with the pace of change across the IT landscape. As the survey results show, IT organizations are increasingly recognizing that a proactive approach to risk identification is more effective for outage prevention than playing catchup."

Read the full report, registration required.

Avalution designed the BCM 101 videos below to provide an overview of business continuity planning concepts and processes and answer the most common questions we receive, including: What is Business Continuity? Click any video below to start learning about business continuity right now.

Avalution is the leading provider of business continuity management consulting services in the U.S. and an expert at getting business continuity programs off the ground. We would love to have a conversation to discuss your business continuity and disaster recovery challenges. If you're ready to get started, contact us today.

- See more at: http://www.avalution.com/bcm-101#sthash.VkhLjwZS.dpuf

BCM 101 - An Introduction to Business Continuity Planning & Management

Whether you're an executive that's just been handed responsibility of developing/maintaining a business continuity program or a practitioner brand new to the profession, you've come to the right place to learn about business continuity!

Avalution designed the BCM 101 videos below to provide an overview of business continuity planning concepts and processes and answer the most common questions we receive, including: What is Business Continuity? Click any video below to start learning about business continuity right now.

Avalution is the leading provider of business continuity management consulting services in the U.S. and an expert at getting business continuity programs off the ground. We would love to have a conversation to discuss your business continuity and disaster recovery challenges. If you're ready to get started, contact us today.

- See more at: http://www.avalution.com/bcm-101#sthash.VkhLjwZS.dpuf

CIO — WASHINGTON — In many ways, the challenges of improving healthcare through technology revolve around data.

It's a boom time for health IT startups that have been developing mobile devices and tools to collect more data about patients' adherence to treatment plans, monitor anything from chronic conditions to caloric intake, and any number of other applications.

At their core, those businesses launched with the vision that more data can address public health issues, reduce the costs of care, improve patient outcomes — or all of the above.



Have business intelligence and analytics “jumped the shark” with CIOs?

Gartner analyst Andrew White thinks so. In a recent post, White said he thinks the popularity of BI and analytics is “about to play out its course.”

It’s a bold statement, but perhaps not as daring as it may at first seem. White points out that BI/analytics has been a top priority for CIOs for several years. This year, however, it ranked fourth when Gartner asked top leaders to name the “most important technology-enabled capability investment over the next five years.”



Airmic and insurance information specialists, Axco, have launched a database of regulatory requirements designed to address one of the most pressing problems facing risk managers – confirming that their insurance programmes are compliant globally. Insight Risk Manager provides crucial intelligence on local compliance and regulatory insurance requirements, policy conditions and premium payment terms.

“Insight Risk Manager is more than just a valuable tool – it’s a potential game-changer,” said Airmic chair-elect Helen Pope. “Compliance for global insurance programmes will probably never be easy, but the new database will provide risk managers with access to a single, authoritative source they can consult whenever they want.”



A paper, published today by the European School of Management and Technology in Berlin and Sungard Availability Services, reveals the unique opportunity that digitisation has provided for chief information officers to elevate their position and to drive the wider business agenda within their organisations.

Digital Dynamics in the C-Suite: Accelerating Digitisation with the Right Conversations, written by Joe Peppard, professor of management at the European School of Management and Technology in Berlin, outlines how customer interactions and experiences are increasingly shaped by technology. It also identifies major shifts whereby the role of technology in business can be truly transformative and offers CIOs guidance to help them evolve, if not accelerate, their organisations’ digital agendas through digital cross-collaboration.



Planning for business continuity includes identifying real risks and evaluating their impact on business activities and objectives. The risks to be included are the ones that could reasonably be held to apply to an organisation. Of course, each entity needs to make its own list, because many risks are situation-specific. For example, an enterprise in the middle of the desert is unlikely to include the risk of a plane crashing on its premises. On the other hand, for a company located next to an airport, the risk is more relevant. But what part should large-scale political or environmental shocks play in business continuity planning?



eBRP conducted its first in the series of  Incident Readiness: Plan Today. Test Today.  webinars on May 29th.  Measuring the impact of an online webinar is a bit subjective, but we were gratified by the number of attendees – and especially the large percentage stayed until the end (even when the Q&A period ran long beyond the state hour-long objective).  Here’s is a sampling of email feedback we received:



Charlie Maclean-Bristol provides some practical advice for business continuity managers who are preparing for an ISO 22301 certification audit.

Recently I was in Fremont, California, supporting a business through an ISO 22301 audit. My company had been working with the business in question for a year to get it ready for the audit and we had already taken part of the organization (the part based in Sweden) to ISO 22301 certification, so we were fairly confident that we would pass this audit. However, a different auditor is always an unknown entity. This meant that the audit was, as always, approached with a little apprehension.

The following are 15 points I learned from this particular audit:



A survey by Ipswitch has found that fear of reputational damage is the biggest driver for business professionals to comply with data security laws. Yet the majority are still failing to secure the transfer of critical files.

The survey, conducted at the end of April 2014, asked 415 business professionals working across the EU about attitudes, practices and technologies relating to data security and protection. The results also show that the UK is seen as having tighter data protection laws than Germany or France. However, the vast majority think the UK’s data protection laws need to be even stricter.



Computerworld — Ever since we learned that last autumn's massive Target data breach was accomplished with the use of access credentials stolen from a third-party vendor, I've been concerned about similar threats at my company. We use lots of vendors, many of which have access to our network. I've spent a lot of money, time and energy fortifying my network and its perimeter. But what if one of the vendors gets compromised? Could hackers sneak into my network through the side door, posing as a legitimate service employee?

Of course, this is really nothing new. I've written a few columns in the past about problem vendors and some of the things I've done to deal with the consequences of business managers signing contracts with third parties without involving my team. I've also mentioned in the past that I try to review third-party SSAE16 (previously SAS70) reports on our vendors that audit firms have produced, and I hope those reports are accurate and unbiased.



James O’Donnell pulls no punches. “The sea level is going to rise, that’s for sure,” said the professor of marine sciences at the University of Connecticut. “It has been rising for 10,000 years; it’s just accelerated recently. The biggest danger is that we don’t do anything.”

But Connecticut is doing something. Officials in the state, which has been bruised and battered in the past few years by storms both named — Sandy and Irene — and unnamed, announced the creation of the Institute for Community Resiliency and Climate Adaptation in January.

It’s a collaborative effort among UConn, the state Department of Energy and Environmental Protection and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and its goal is to create real-world solutions for the growing risks to both life and property that are being posed by climate change.



According to a study recently released by Forrester Consulting, data center related purchasing decisions in companies of all sizes are more likely to be made by the CEO than by the CIO, or by any other IT executive.

I recently had the opportunity to discuss that finding with Matt Miszewski, senior vice president of sales and marketing at Digital Realty, a data center operations services provider in San Francisco, and the company that commissioned the survey. Don’t let that sales and marketing title put you off—Miszewski has solid CIO credentials as the former CIO of the state of Wisconsin. So you’ll be happy to know that he doesn’t talk like a sales and marketing guy.

For starters, I asked Miszewski, based on his experience, whether the fact that CEOs most frequently call the data center shots is a relatively new phenomenon, or the way it’s always been. He responded wearing his former CIO hat:



Combined efforts to guard against the threat of malware are laudable, but the threat posed by cyber criminals remains. Commenting on news this week that computer users are being urged to protect their machines from malware which could allow hackers to steal financial data, Stephen Bonner, a partner in KPMG's cyber security practice, says this "fantastic effort...has cut the head of the hydra of the control networks that steal banking access and encrypt data for ransom".

These actions not only cut off the flow of money to the perpetrators and help unmask their identities, but also means current infections cannot be updated with new versions. Bonner stresses, however, that the threat remains: “Like any hydra, the heads will grow back and organised crime will return, but this event presents a unique opportunity to clean up our systems while the criminals cannot update their infections.



Often our staff tries to avoid a “re-inventing the wheel” approach when addressing inquiries from our readers.  To that point and answering several inquiries of “how do I?” organize an Emergency Management or Disaster Preparedness guide for where I work, and for where I live …our staff reviewed its inventory of past articles and disaster recovery materials and decided to focus on a recent project completed in the Santa Rosa County in the state of Florida.

Knowing that emergencies and disasters can happen anywhere and anytime, the Santa Rosa County Board of Commissioners supported and created their Emergency Management/Disaster Preparedness Guide.  This guide was put together to provide its residents, visitors and businesses with valuable information in order to help them better plan and prepare for man-made and natural disasters.  This guide might well be a basis for and perhaps an integral part of your own preparedness plans in your community, where you work and especially in your personal preparedness plan.

MONTGOMERY, Ala. – Alabama emergency managers kept one eye on the destruction occurring in Mississippi as they prepared for supercell storm systems to enter their state during the afternoon and early evening of April 28.

Alabamians heeded meteorologists’ dire warnings that this system appeared to be “a particularly dangerous situation” by closing schools and government offices in the early afternoon. Gov. Robert Bentley issued a state of emergency for all 67 counties because of the threat.

Storms Enter the State at 1 p.m.

All the ingredients for tornado development were parked over Alabama as the storms rolled into the northwest region of the state at about 1 p.m. When the outbreak subsided at 6:30 p.m., 29 tornadoes were recorded, homes and buildings were destroyed by high winds of up to 88 mph and hail the size of baseballs damaged roofs and vehicles.

The damage was widespread with roads impassable, trees and electrical wires down and several reports of people trapped in their homes. Five people died, 16 were injured.

In the southern part of the state, flooding was a major problem with 23.67 inches of rain recorded in Mobile. Search and rescue teams were dispatched for door-to-door searches to find trapped survivors throughout the state.

At the height of the storm, more than 126,000 power outages were reported by the state. The American Red Cross opened five shelters in hardest-hit counties. Some 65 community safe rooms were utilized, saving countless lives.

Later, meteorologists pronounced that the April 28th storms spawned the fourth highest number of tornadoes in a single event. According to the National Weather Service, the outbreak left a swath of damage almost 200 miles long across the state. The weather service also confirmed four EF-3 tornadoes (the Fujita Scale of tornado strength ranges from EF-0 to EF-5), severe storms, straight-line winds and flooding affecting 31 counties.

At the state Emergency Operations Center (EOC) in Clanton, staff compiled and analyzed reports coming in from the counties. With more than $6.7 million in damages and knowing that amount surpassed the state’s ability to absorb, State Emergency Manager Art Faulkner reported to Gov. Bentley that he should seek federal assistance.

The governor asked for the help of the Federal Emergency Management Agency. President Obama expedited a major disaster declaration on May 2, opening the doors for federal aid.

Initially, four counties were declared for Individual Assistance and five counties for Public Assistance. Following a declaration amendment on May 8, another five counties were added for Individual Assistance, which provides grants for individuals and households.

On May 12, 13 counties were added for Public Assistance, which includes emergency reimbursements for protective measures, repairs to roads and bridges, public buildings and infrastructure as well as debris removal.

Counties designated for Individual Assistance include: Baldwin, Blount, DeKalb, Etowah, Jefferson, Lee, Limestone, Mobile and Tuscaloosa.

Counties designated for Public Assistance include: including Baldwin, Butler, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Geneva, Jefferson, Lamar, Lee, Limestone, Mobile, Perry, Pickens and Tuscaloosa.

Recovery Begins

FEMA, one of Alabama’s federal partners, prepositioned a mobile command center at the Alabama EOC to assist in the response effort.

Within 24 hours of the declaration, preliminary damage assessments for Public Assistance had been completed for Baldwin, Jefferson and Limestone counties. Individual Assistance preliminary damage assessments were started in Blount, DeKalb, Etowah, Mobile and Tuscaloosa counties.

Meanwhile, FEMA staff worked to prepare for and deploy equipment for three Disaster Recovery Centers – two in Jefferson and one in Lee counties, while teams of Disaster Survivor Assistance specialists traveled to the state EOC. These teams would fan out across the state to assess, inform and report the situation in communities, as well as going door-to-door to provide on-the-spot FEMA registration for survivors.

The U.S. Small Business Administration, another federal partner, dispatched its staff to Alabama to assist in the outreach to survivors and offer low-interest rate loans to individuals and businesses.

Registration was underway. By close of business May 6, more than 1,800 registrations had been received via the FEMA call center, online and mobile registration. Twenty-six inspectors were in the field, with 1,195 damage inspections completed.

FEMA Grants Help Bring Relief to Survivors

By May 20, more than 300 FEMA and state employees were working in the Montgomery Joint Field Office to bring a sense of normalcy back to the lives of those affected by the storms.

Three weeks after the storm, FEMA had approved more than $11 million in Individual Assistance grants, another federal partner, the SBA, had approved $1.6 million in  low-interest, long-term loans. Millions more in Public Assistance dollars will help with the impact to municipalities and government services.

At peak operations, 11 Disaster Recovery Centers were operating in affected counties. More than 3,100 visits to the centers had been made to register for FEMA assistance, ask questions of state and federal officials and learn what programs were available.

At the busiest period, 52 FEMA housing inspectors were in the field, resulting in 95 percent of home damage inspections completed within two days – a rate that remains one month from the date of the disaster.

Also one month after the disaster, federal aid for Alabama tops $20 million with $15 million approved through FEMA’s Individuals and Households Program and another $5 million through approved SBA low-interest disaster loans.

With 38 FEMA housing inspectors now in the field, 95 percent of home damage inspections are being completed within two days.

As of Monday, June 2, six Disaster Recovery Centers remain open: two centers in Baldwin, two in Jefferson, and one center in each Limestone and Mobile counties. The SBA is operating a Disaster Loan Outreach center in Tuscaloosa, which also will have FEMA registration information available.

The deadline for FEMA registration is July 1.

Survivors can register at the recovery centers from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., Monday through Saturday; by phone, call 800-621-3362 (FEMA) from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. local time, multilingual operators are available; TTY is 800-462-7585; by computer, go online to www.DisasterAssistance.gov; or by smartphone and tablet, use m.fema.gov.

In a recent blog, I discussed the results of a report by Brother on how small businesses believed that investing in new technology provided a better ROI than investing in new employees. Another statistic from that report showed that 64 percent of the respondents felt “overwhelmed” by new technology. This response isn’t surprising if you consider that another report by Parks Associates identified that small businesses spend less than $1,000 per year on technical support services. If you couple those two percentages with the fact that technology advancements are on the rise in every market including BYOD, the Internet of Things, social networking and the cloud, running a small business in the digital age can be downright daunting.

New technology being implemented by SMBs is opening new doors for tech support service providers to grow. Jim O’Neill, research analyst for Parks Associates, paints a positive picture for service partners that provide help desk support:



A lot of buzz surrounds how to become a digital business right now, but precious little about what the term actually means.

Several pieces use some variation of this explanation from Gartner Fellow Ken McGee:

“Digital business is not synonymous with IT. It is about revenue, value, markets and customers. It is outward-focused. It is a metaphorical combination of front office, top line and downstage compared with back office, bottom line and backstage. True, information and technology help to build the capabilities for digital businesses, but they are only part of a complex picture."



PENSACOLA, Fla. – The State/FEMA disaster recovery center located at the Milton campus of Pensacola State College is transitioning Monday, June 2, to a U.S. Small Business Administration disaster loan outreach center.

SBA customer service representatives will be on hand at the loan outreach center to answer questions about SBA’s disaster loan program and explain the application process. Survivors can get help applying for or closing out low-interest disaster loans. The center is located at:

Pensacola State College

Milton Campus

Building 4000

5988 Highway 90

Milton, FL 32583

The disaster recovery center will be open from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. on Friday and Saturday, and 11 a.m. to 7 p.m. on Sunday, June 1.

Beginning Monday, June 2, the SBA disaster loan outreach center will be open on weekdays from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., until further notice.

The Milton disaster recovery center opened May 10 to help survivors who sustained damage during the severe storms, tornadoes and flooding from April 28 through May 6. The center has received more than 300 visits in nearly three weeks.

It is not necessary to visit a disaster recovery center to register with FEMA. Disaster survivors can continue to register online at DisasterAssistance.gov, via smartphone at m.fema.gov or by phone at 800-621-3362. Survivors who are deaf, hard of hearing or have a speech disability can call (TTY) 800-462-7585.

To apply for an SBA low-interest disaster loan, survivors can find the electronic loan application on SBA’s secure website at disasterloan.sba.gov/ela. Questions can be answered by calling the SBA disaster customer service center at 800-659-2955/(TTY) 800-877-8339 or visiting www.sba.gov.

For more information on Florida disaster recovery, click fema.gov/disaster/4177, visit the Florida Division of Emergency Management website at FloridaDisaster.org or the Facebook page at facebook.com/FloridaSERT.

# # #

FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

Disaster recovery assistance is available without regard to race, color, religion, nationality, sex, age, disability, English proficiency or economic status. If you or someone you know has been discriminated against, call FEMA toll-free at 800-621-FEMA (3362). For TTY call 800-462-7585.

FEMA’s temporary housing assistance and grants for childcare, medical, dental expenses and/or funeral expenses do not require individuals to apply for an SBA loan. However, those who receive SBA loan applications must submit them to SBA to be eligible for assistance that covers personal property, transportation, vehicle repair or replacement, and moving and storage expenses.

JACKSON, Miss. – As Mississippi disaster survivors receive FEMA checks or direct deposits to help them recover from the severe storms, tornadoes and flooding of April 28 through May 3, it is important to understand that there are limits on how the money can be spent.

Use of the money for other than eligible expenses could result in having to return funds back to FEMA.

FEMA does not provide survivors with an itemized list of eligible expenses tailored to their specific situation. But it does provide an important booklet, “Help After a Disaster,” that spells out the kinds of expenses authorized in the Individuals and Households Program.

The grant covers only repair or replacement of items that were damaged as a direct result of the disaster and were not covered by insurance. Repairs and rebuilding may not improve a home above its pre-disaster condition unless such improvements are required by current building codes.

Use of the money is limited to repairing the home so that it is safe and sanitary so survivors can live there. It will not be enough to return the home to its condition before the disaster.

The money can be spent to repair structural parts of the home such as foundation, outside walls and roof.

Survivors also may use FEMA assistance provided for housing needs to repair:

  • Windows, doors, floors, walls, ceilings and cabinetry.
  • Septic or sewage systems.
  • Wells or other water system.
  • Heating, ventilating and air conditioning.
  • Utilities (electrical, plumbing and gas.)
  • Entrance and exit ways, including privately-owned access roads.
  • Blocking, leveling and anchoring of a mobile home and reconnecting or resetting its sewer, water, electrical and fuel lines and tanks.

Survivors also may receive money for “Other than Housing Needs.” This money is provided to repair damaged personal property or to pay for disaster-related expenses and serious needs, limited to items or services that help prevent or overcome a disaster-related hardship, injury or adverse condition. It does not pay to return or replace personal property to its condition before the disaster.

Examples of allowable Other than Housing Needs are disaster-related medical and dental costs, funeral and burial expenses, clothing, household items, heating fuel, disaster-specific clean-up items, a vehicle damaged by the disaster and moving and storage expenses.

Survivors should keep bills and receipts for three years to show how all of the FEMA grant money was spent. FEMA is authorized to do an audit.

Disaster survivors in Itawamba, Jones, Leake, Lee, Lowndes, Madison, Montgomery, Rankin, Simpson, Warren, Wayne and Winston counties may be eligible for FEMA’s Individual Assistance program. The deadline to register is June 30, 2014.

Individuals and households in those counties can register for FEMA Individual Assistance online at DisasterAssistance.gov, via smartphone or tablet at m.FEMA.gov or by calling the FEMA helpline at 800-621-FEMA (3362.) People who are deaf, hard of hearing or have a speech disability and use a TTY should call 800-462-7585. Lines are open 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. (central time) and assistance is available in multiple languages.

For more information on Mississippi disaster recovery, go to FEMA.gov/Disaster/4175. Visit the MEMA site at msema.org or on Facebook at facebook.com/msemaorg.

FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards. 

Disaster recovery assistance is available without regard to race, color, religion, nationality, sex, age, disability, English proficiency or economic status. If you or someone you know has been discriminated against, call FEMA toll-free at 800-621-FEMA (3362). If you have a speech disability or hearing loss and use a TTY, call 800-462-7585 directly; if you use 711 or Video Relay Service (VRS), call 800-621-3362.

FEMA’s temporary housing assistance and grants for public transportation expenses, medical and dental expenses, and funeral and burial expenses do not require individuals to apply for an SBA loan. However, applicants who receive SBA loan applications must submit them to SBA loan officers to be eligible for assistance that covers personal property, vehicle repair or replacement, and moving and storage expenses.


Related Content: 
Last Updated: 
June 3, 2014 - 12:28
State/Tribal Government or Region: 

IDG News Service (New York Bureau) — As it preps Oracle Enterprise Manager to run private clouds, Oracle has released an update to the management software that offers the ability for organizations to offer production-ready databases as a service.

Oracle Enterprise Manager 12c release 4 is the first version of the software to "offer enterprise-grade databases as a service with high availability and disaster recovery," said Dan Koloski, senior director of product management for the Oracle Enterprise Manager line of software. "We want our customers consume their databases in an agile environment."

The new release also offers advancements in managing middleware and in access control.



The Institute of Directors has authored a guide to outline the practical lessons for organizations from the World Economic Forum Global Risk 2014 report.

‘Responding to Global Risks: a practical guide for business leaders’ has been developed in conjunction with Airmic, PWC, Marsh and Zurich .

The publication aims to offer a practical guide to risk management and insurance solutions in response to the top global macro financial, societal, economic and environmental risks.

Read the document (PDF).

The Software Engineering Institute's (SEI) CERT Division had published a technical note which describes the Mission Risk Diagnostic for Incident Management Capabilities ((MRD-IMC), a risk-based way to assess an organization's information security incident management function.

The document’s abstract reads as follows:

“An incident management (IM) function is responsible for performing the broad range of activities associated with managing computer security events and incidents. For many years, the Software Engineering Institute's (SEI) CERT Division has developed practices for building and sustaining IM functions in government and industry organizations worldwide. Based on their field experiences over the years, CERT researchers identified a community need for a time-efficient means of assessing an IM function. The Mission Risk Diagnostic for Incident Management Capabilities (MRD-IMC) is designed to address this need. The MRD-IMC is a risk-based approach for assessing the extent to which an IM function is in position to achieve its mission and objectives. Analysts applying the MRD-IMC evaluate a set of systemic risk factors (called drivers) to aggregate decision-making data and provide decision makers with a benchmark of an IM function's current state. The resulting gap between the current and desired states points to specific areas where additional investment is warranted. The MRD-IMC can be viewed as a first-pass screening (i.e., a "health check") or high-level diagnosis of conditions that enable and impede the successful completion of the IM function's mission and objectives. This technical note provides an overview of the MRD-IMC method.

Author(s): Christopher J. Alberts, Audrey J. Dorofee, Robin Ruefle, Mark Zajicek

Read the document

Computerworld — The White House plan to cut carbon dioxide pollution by 30% seeks to meet its goals, in part, through efficiency improvements. This could put further pressure on data centers to improve efficiency, many of which are powering servers that are doing very little work or none at all.

For instance, a recent Uptime Institute survey asked enterprise data professionals: "What percentage of your servers are likely comatose?" About 60% of respondents said the number of comatose servers was under 5%. But nearly 25% put at least 10% of their servers were into that category.

The problem may be bigger than the Uptime survey indicates.

"Most data center operators can't even tell you how many servers they have never mind their utilization, so caution in interpreting those numbers is indicated," said Jonathan Koomey, a research fellow Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance at Stanford University. "The percentages for comatose servers are likely much bigger."



Is another pandemic on the way? The generic coronavirus is common everywhere, but this one – Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, or MERS-CoV – is a particularly virulent strain. It’s also on the move. The World Health Organization published information on May 1st about serious infection of a hospital patient in Egypt who had returned to the country after a stay in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. On May 2nd, the first U.S. case of MERS was identified in a traveller arriving from Saudi Arabia. Recent similar illnesses include the SARS outbreak in 2003. What precautions are necessary this time?



It didn’t take long after the tragedy of the Oso, Wash., March mudslide for everyone to wonder: Should local officials have done more to prevent people from building in harm’s way?

The local emergency management director, John Pennington, was grief-stricken. “We did everything we could,” he told reporters. He added, “Sometimes big events just happen. Sometimes large events that nobody sees happen. And this just happened.”

A retired architect who had a weekend home in the path of the slide — and who lost many of his neighbors — told The Seattle Times, “We are not a bunch of stupid people ignoring warnings.” He explained, “We all make risk assessments every day of our lives. But you cannot make a risk assessment on information you do not have.”



CIO — Last month, the White House released its 90-day review of big data and privacy, renewing the call for a Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights along with a number of other policy recommendations.

With the administration and legislators (and regulatory bodies like the Federal Trade Commission) now considering issues of data collection and privacy, how should CIOs advise their organizations about going forward with big data initiatives?

"My advice is people should move very, very aggressively into this area of big data," says Lanny Cohen, global CTO of technology consulting firm Capgemini. "I think, at the end of the day, this is going to become one of the biggest sources of competitive advantage that an enterprise can have. Those enterprises that really have, as a core competency, the ability to gather data, analyze it and act on it are going to have a major advantage."




PwC has just released their 2014 US State of Cybercrime report. Key findings reveal that while the number of cybercrime incidents and the monetary losses associated with them continue to rise, most US organisations’ cybersecurity capabilities do not rival the persistence and technological skills of their cyber adversaries. According to the report, only 38% of companies have a methodology to prioritise security investments based on risk and impact to business strategy.

The survey finds that most organisations do not take a strategic approach to cyber security spending. It also found that, worryingly, organisations do not assess security capabilities of third-party providers.

In general, the survey found that supply chain risks are not understood or adequately assessed, and that security for mobile devices is inadequate and has elevated risks.



JACKSON, MS. — Survivors may not know about disaster help from the U.S. Small Business Administration that could lead to a smarter, faster recovery for businesses, homeowners, renters or private nonprofits.

Economic Injury Disaster Loan

SBA offers a working capital loan to relieve the economic injury caused by the disaster. A disaster loan is available to eligible businesses as well as private nonprofits even if property was not damaged by the severe storms, tornadoes and flooding that occurred April 28 thru May 3, 2014. 

These loans are for small businesses, small agricultural cooperatives, small businesses engaged in aquaculture and certain private, nonprofit organizations of all sizes to cover unpaid bills and lost business due to the disaster. Economic Injury Disaster Loans are also given in amounts up to $2 million, but the total of both physical damage and economic injury loans cannot exceed $2 million. Economic Injury Disaster Loan assistance is available regardless of whether the business suffered any physical property damage.

There are 45 Mississippi counties eligible for Economic Injury Disaster Loans. The first 12 counties are those designated by the presidential disaster declaration for FEMA Individual Assistance.  Those counties are Itawamba, Jones, Leake, Lee, Lowndes, Madison, Montgomery, Rankin, Simpson, Warren, Wayne and Winston. 

Thirty-three other counties are eligible because each shares a border with one of the 12 disaster-designated counties. These additional counties eligible only for an Economic Injury Disaster Loan are Attala, Carroll, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Claiborne, Clarke, Clay, Copiah, Covington, Forrest, Greene, Grenada, Hinds, Holmes, Issaquena, Jasper, Jefferson Davis, Kemper, Lawrence, Monroe, Neshoba, Newton, Noxubee, Oktibbeha, Perry, Pontotoc, Prentiss, Scott, Smith, Tishomingo, Union, Webster and Yazoo in Mississippi. 

Physical Damage Disaster Loans

Businesses and private non-profit organizations of any size may borrow up to $2 million to repair or replace disaster damaged or destroyed real estate, machinery and equipment, inventory and other business assets. The SBA may increase a loan up to 20 percent of the total amount of disaster damage to real estate and/or leasehold improvements, as verified by SBA, to make improvements that lessen the risk of property damage by future disasters of the same kind. 

Interest rates are as low as 4 percent for businesses, 2.625 percent for non-profit organizations and
2.188 percent for homeowners and renters with terms up to 30 years. Loan amounts and terms are set by the SBA and are based on each applicant’s financial condition. 

Deferred Disaster Loan Payments

The first payment for a disaster loan is due five months from the date of the SBA Note.

The deadline to apply for an SBA Physical damage loan is June 30, 2014, and for Economic Injury Disaster Loans the deadline is January 30, 2015. 

A simple and fast way to complete the application is online, using the SBA’s electronic loan application.  Go to https://DisasterLoan.SBA.gov/ELA. Plus, you can receive a status of your application by calling 800-659-2955 or TTY 800-877-8339, emailing DisasterCustomerService@sba.gov or visiting sba.gov/disaster. SBA customer service representatives are available at ALL disaster recovery centers. Disaster recovery center locations can be found online at FEMA.gov/DRCLocator or by calling      800-621-3362 (TTY 462-7585.)                          

Do not wait on an insurance settlement before returning an application. Insurance may not pay for all of the disaster-related damage. Survivors can begin their recovery immediately with an SBA disaster loan. The loan balance will be reduced by the insurance settlement.

For more information on Mississippi disaster recovery, click fema.gov/disaster/4175. Visit the MEMA site at msema.org or on Facebook at facebook.com/msemaorg.

FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

Disaster recovery assistance is available without regard to race, color, religion, nationality, sex, age, disability, English proficiency or economic status. If you or someone you know has been discriminated against, call FEMA toll-free at 800-621-FEMA (3362). For TTY call 800-462-7585.

FEMA’s temporary housing assistance and grants for public transportation expenses, medical and dental expenses, and funeral and burial expenses do not require individuals to apply for an SBA loan. However, applicants who receive SBA home loan applications must submit them to SBA loan officers to be eligible for assistance that covers personal property, vehicle repair or replacement, and moving and storage expenses.

In the digital version of “physician, heal thyself,” it seems that some large data organizations are utilizing Big Data and other advanced functions for their own purposes, namely, driving greater efficiency and performance in the data center.

It only makes sense, after all, that a construct as complicated as a virtual, dynamic data environment would need all the help it can get to not only provide an accurate picture of what is going on amid myriad boxes and wires, but also tell how best to improve things.

Google, for example, is turning toward advanced machine intelligence at some of its largest facilities with an eye toward fulfilling the twin goals of greater performance and less energy consumption. Through the use of neural networks and advanced analytics, the company says it is well on the way to the kind of predictive functionality that absorbs everything from IT loads, pump speeds, cooling metrics and hundreds of other data points. With advanced modeling, the company says it can calculate the expected PUE of a properly equipped facility with 99.6 percent accuracy.



IBM launched a new cloud-based service program this week to help companies jump-start Big Data analytics, called IBM Cloud Business Solutions.

The first batch includes 12 subscription-based managed services, which basically means it couples consulting services with pre-built IBM assets, including advanced analytics and cloud infrastructure.

Eventually, IBM will have 20 cloud-based business solutions available. The first dozen address high-demand areas such as customer analytics, customer data, marketing management and industry-specific mobile tools.

IBM ranked as one of Information Week’s top 16 Big Data Analytics Platforms earlier this year, but this is its first foray into a cloud-based service for Big Data. Other companies do offer cloud-based Big Data analytics, including two pure-plays, 010data and Amazon Web Services (AWS).



Monday, 02 June 2014 14:33

Insuring Against Third-Party Cyberrisk

The tremendous growth in cyber insurance is being fueled in part by the desire of companies to cede some of the risk of a cyber breach to insurers.  In many cases insurers are eager to take on this risk—provided they can objectively quantify and understand the risks they are underwriting.

However, is it enough to only look at the cyber risk of the insured?  Increasingly companies are being attacked through their third-party vendor networks; one study by the Ponemon Institute reported 23% of data breaches are attributable to third party vendors. As companies share critical customer information with vendors, they expose themselves to a breach through these extended networks. Criminals have even started to target small to medium sized companies as a way to access the sensitive information of the larger firms they serve.



Yesterday, Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS), a third-party advisor to Target Corp. investors, recommended ousting Target’s Audit Committee because they failed to do appropriate risk management, resulting in a breach of customer data. According to Twin Cities Business Magazine, ISS stated that “… in light of the company’s significant exposure to customer credit card information and online retailing, these committees should have been aware of, and more closely monitoring, the possibility of theft of sensitive information, especially since it involves shoppers and the communities in which the company operates, as well as the overall impact on brand reputation and brand value.”  This suggests a fundamental lack of understanding of both the nature of the breach and who should be held responsible for the outcome.

First, let's understand what really happened here: Target updated their point of sale (POS) systems before the holiday season. There was a known vulnerability in those POS systems that let credit card data travel between the POS system and the register before it was encrypted and sent off to the clearinghouse for approval. Target’s technology team was warned of the vulnerability and DECIDED that the risk was worth accepting – not the board, not the auditors; it was the people involved in the project who accepted the risk of losing 70 million records. When departments accept that level of risk, they in essence, end the conversation.  The audit committee and board of directors would be none the wiser. When was the last time you notified your board about how you were disposing of hard drives?



Previously, I shared how some executives are skeptical about Big Data analytics and its ability to match their own business intuition.

This made me wonder: How do some leaders find that Big Data analytics actually enlightens their business behavior? To help you find the path, I’ve compiled five expert tips that may illuminate your Big Data analytics projects.

Tip 1: New analytics often requires new behaviors. Michael Schrage, a research fellow at MIT Sloan School’s Center for Digital Business, says in his discussions with companies, those who struggle or achieve only moderate outcomes tend to use Big Data analytics primarily for decision support. By contrast, Big Data achievers leverage Big Data to change their conversations.



CSO - Signal-to-noise ratios are hard to manage. As a security professional, you want the threat data, you want the attack notifications and alerts, and you need intelligence. But, when there's too much coming in, those alerts and notifications fall to the wayside. They're easily dismissed and ignored.

After all, if a device is generating 60 alerts a day - and for the first few weeks none of them amount to anything - as new alerts from that device arrive, they're eventually going to be dismissed.

This happens because the IT / InfoSec department has other things to worry about, and there isn't enough time (or people) to deal with a flood of alerts. It's possible the device generating the alerts will be properly tuned and configured later, but that depends on the staff's workload.



In its 2014 “Business Risk Index,” Travelers surveyed more than 1,100 businesses on the top risks they perceive and how ready they are to mitigate those threats. Overall, respondents clearly see an increasingly risky world around them, but feel notably unprepared  to handle the risks. The top seven threats, in order of reported concern, are: medical cost inflation, increasing employee benefit costs, legal liability, broad economic uncertainty, cyberrisk, complying with laws, and attracting and retaining talent.

Check out this infographic for more of the study’s insights:



Rather than simply changing the location where a particular piece of technology is deployed and moving it into someone else’s data center, many organizations are looking for something that actually behaves more like a turnkey service.

With that issue in mind, IBM today announced that it plans to make available 20 different cloud services this year that range from customer analytics as a service to mobile as a service.

Collectively part of a suite of services known as IBM Cloud Business Solutions, Sanjay Rishi, managing partner for cloud consulting services for IBM Global Business Services, says the goal is to give customers a more turnkey approach to cloud computing that more easily scales.



Massive security breaches, like the Target breach last December, and the infamous TJX breach in 2007, have something conspicuously in common: The data that would have enabled the companies to detect those breaches existed in their environments, and proper data analysis would have found them. The reason companies aren’t finding such breaches earlier is that they lack the data analytics talent necessary to do so.

I came away with that understanding from a recent interview with Alex Moss, a veteran IT security expert and managing partner at Conventus, an information security consulting firm in Chicago. The next generation of IT security pros, Moss says, will be data analysts.

Moss encapsulated the crux of the situation this way:



PwC Japan has published a detailed report following a survey of Japanese IT organizations.

‘IT-BCP Survey 2014 Report’ is based on a survey PwC Japan conducted between 2nd September 2013 and 13th October 2013.

The survey identified a wide gap between perceptions of the potential for disruption and the amount of continuity planning conducted.

Key findings included:

  • 42 percent of respondents experienced information system failure in the previous 12 months; and 30 percent of these experienced downtime of more than six hours.
  • 58 percent of respondents stated that their organizations had IT continuity measures in place, a reduction from a similar survey in 2012 which found that 69 percent had IT continuity measures in place.
  • Only 26 percent of respondents have identified all the important information systems that must be recovered immediately to resume business activities; and only 20 percent have decided on recovery priorities for information systems.
  • 41 percent of respondents have not conducted hands-on drills and exercises.
  • 90 percent of respondents reported that the upper management team had not participated in training and exercises in the past 12 months.

Read the full survey report as a PDF.

Just think how exciting the world of disaster recovery has become. What used to be exclusively tape storage has branched out into all kinds of disk storage, virtual snapshots, deduplication and cloud object storage. That’s great for DR managers, right? Not so fast. One of the central elements of disaster recovery is risk mitigation, which has its counterpart in job security – as in ‘I don’t want to get fired because I lost data using a new technology that failed’. The Chinese have an ancient curse that reflects this situation: ‘May you live in interesting times’. Are new disaster recovery solutions a curse for the busy DR manager or a chance to reduce stress while increasing resilience?



JACKSON, Miss. – It was April 28 when tornadoes swept from west to east across Mississippi, the beginning of five days of severe storms that also brought rain and flooding. The National Weather Service confirmed 23 tornadoes in the state and 14 deaths. More than 1,200 homes and 90 businesses were destroyed or sustained major damage. Approximately 2,000 homes and 200 businesses were damaged in some way. Two days into the event, Governor Phil Bryant’s request for a federal disaster declaration was granted by President Obama.

A dozen counties were so badly damaged they soon qualified for federal Individual Assistance to help individuals and households. Public Assistance was also included to help local governments, and certain private nonprofits in 10 counties.

The American Red Cross quickly opened shelters for those displaced by the tornadoes and eventually operated six shelters which provided 678 overnights stays, 21,512 meals and 25,721 snacks by the time they closed. The Salvation Army opened eight mobile kitchens (“Canteens”) and three fixed feeding sites. They served 10,256 meals, 13,547 beverages and 7,328 snacks.



The health care industry has had its share of cybersecurity breakdowns over the years. The vast majority of health care organizations have suffered at least one data breach within the last two years, according to a Doctor’s Lounge article, but the article goes on to say that the number of organizations with five or more breaches has decreased. That’s good news, I guess, but you have to wonder why these health care companies are having so many breaches.

Earlier this year, the Identity Theft Resource Center revealed that the health care industry suffered 43 percent of all the breaches that occurred in 2013. It’s not hard to figure out why health care is targeted so often. These organizations hold massive amounts of intensely personal data.

As Jason Fredrickson, senior director of enterprise application development at Guidance Software, said to me during a conversation we had last week, the personally identifiable information (PII) is only one part of the data breach equation. It is the one that tends to get all of the attention, and to be honest, the majority of data breaches involving health care involve patient records. However, Fredrickson said there is a much bigger and scarier security breach looming within the health care industry:



Network World — Generally thought of as having up to 500 employees, small businesses constitute the vast majority of companies in the United States, making them a critical part of the economy. Their customers naturally expect personal and financial data to be kept secure, and a data breach is a painful and expensive ordeal. Like the larger enterprises, small businesses that accept payment cards have to follow Payment Card Industry rules. It can be daunting for a small business that may not even have an IT department to think about how to tackle network security.



Continuity Central is currently conducting a wide-ranging survey into business continuity software usage. There has been a good response so far and, with two weeks to go until the survey closes, here is a taste of the trends that are emerging:

Business continuity software usage is not ubiquitous

51 percent of survey respondents use specialist business continuity software to build, review or manage any aspect of their business continuity plan or business continuity management system. 49 percent do not.

Individual software packages are the order of the day

83 percent of respondents who use specialist business continuity software use only one business continuity software package. 17 percent use more than one.

Most users use business continuity software for BIAs and for business continuity plans

The survey asked respondents to identify the different areas within a business continuity management system where they use specialist business continuity software. The results so far show that usage is focussed on BIAs and on business continuity plan writing and updating.

The figures below gives a usage breakdown:

Question: If you use business continuity software in your organization, which of the following do you use it for?

  • Manage and update business continuity plans: 82.61%
  • Write and develop business continuity plans: 80.43%
  • Carry out BIAs: 80.43%
  • Conduct tests and exercises: 63.04%
  • Audit business continuity management systems: 58.70%
  • Conduct risk assessments: 58.70%
  • Manage and co-ordinate your incident / crisis management response: 58.70%
  • Carry our post-incident reviews: 41.30%
  • Raise awareness of business continuity within the wider organization: 32.61%
  • Train business continuity personnel: 30.43%
  • Carry out benchmarking activities: 28.26%

Market analysis

The full survey results, published after the survey closes on 13th June, will provide an analysis of the different business continuity software packages being used by respondents. Overall, most users seem to be reasonably satisfied with their business continuity software: with the highest satisfaction scores being in the areas of 'customer care and support' and 'value for money'. 'Ease of use' is the area where users seem to be the least satisfied.

Take part

To take part in the survey go to https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/bcsoftware

Wednesday, 28 May 2014 14:36

Crisis communications and the CEO

By Jim Preen

These days, CEOs have to be visible in an emergency. If the media feels they’re hiding, questions will be asked. Why’s she not taking responsibility? What’s he got to hide?

Part of the problem for a CEO is the huge switch that happens to their lives in a crisis: a switch that goes to the very heart of what it means to be a boss.

Over the years a chief executive rises to the top of the corporate ladder, is well remunerated, but saddled with heavy responsibilities. Naturally their staff and others treat them with a great deal of deference and respect, but outside their own sector they are often unknown to the general public. They are high profile to their staff, but remain, in most cases, private citizens.



By Joel Dolisy

Last year, some of the largest and most well-known brands across the globe, including Google, Facebook and Twitter, experienced interruptions to their services due to network outages. Whether these organizations experienced downtime due to internal network errors or full blown [Distributed] Denial of Service [D]DoS attacks, the costs to their reputations and, is some cases, their revenues, proved significant.

Which is the greater threat?

While media reports tend to hype-up the presence of hackers, the reality is that most outages are caused by an organization’s own network. A recent Gartner study projected that by 2015, 80 percent of outages impacting mission-critical services will be caused by people and process issues, and more than 50 percent of those outages will be caused by change/configuration/release integration and hand-off issues. In fact, both Xbox LIVE and Facebook recently suffered network outages from configuration errors during routine maintenance, and while the state of China blamed its outage on hackers, some independent watchers believe it was actually due to an internal configuration error in the firewall.



During a recent TechTarget podcast, THINKstrategies founder Jeff Kaplan shared a funny little encounter he had at a conference. Let’s see if this sounds familiar to any of you.

He asked some veteran IT workers why they were attending a SaaS-related event. They smiled and responded: “They’ve come back.”

Of course that begged the question, “Who came back?” The intrepid IT vets explained that the business leaders who had so cavalierly signed up with SaaS solutions a few years ago have now realized they forgot a few things — like, oh, data integration. And so, these leaders have “come back” to IT for help with their SaaS problems.



CSO — There is no shame in being breached by a cyber attack -- security experts are unanimous about that. Prevention, while a worthy part of a risk management strategy, will never be 100% successful, given the sophistication and overwhelming volume of attacks.

But there is room for improvement -- vast improvement -- in the detection of breaches. A large majority of enterprises fail to detect breaches on their own -- they find out about them from somebody else, as a couple of recent reports show.

The security firm Mandiant, now part of FireEye, reported recently that while the average time it took to detect breaches declined slightly from 2012 to 2013, from 243A to 229 days (more than seven months), the number of firms that detected their own breaches actually dropped, from 37% to 33%.



The increasingly crucial nature of building engaging relationships with customers is also changing the relationship between CIOs and chief marketing officers. The role of the latter has become so core to the business that it might well make sense for the CIO to report to him.

That was one of the takeaways from a recent interview with Larry Weber, CEO of online marketing services agency Racepoint Global, who is also the founder of  Weber Shandwick, the granddaddy of tech PR firms. I wrote about Weber earlier this month in the context of the Alibaba IPO filing; here, I want to share what he had to say about the evolution of the CIO’s role in a business world that’s being transformed by social media.

I asked Weber for his thoughts on the changing relationship between today’s CIO and CMO. He said CIOs may not like his answer:



A staggering 822 million records were exposed by data breaches in 2013, according to research from Risk Based Security. The frequency and risk of data breaches compels companies to look at their network infrastructure and security processes and take appropriate actions to guard against inadvertent data leaks.

An often overlooked area vulnerable to unintentional data leaks is through the use of free online file sharing and syncing solutions. While most employees never consider using a non-corporate sponsored email system, those same employees would readily collaborate through a free file-sharing tool, because it is easier to use than what is available from their employer. Another risky situation arises when a group collaborates by sharing documents and files over email. Version control quickly spins out of control as the volume of email exchanges skyrockets due to the complexity and volume of the edits and to the number of people involved. Project groups then turn to free, ad-hoc file-sharing and collaboration services, which can lead to serious data leakage problems as content is copied onto non-secure public cloud servers.



The latest business continuity related standard is now available from bsi.BS 11200:2014 ‘Crisis management - Guidance and good practice’ sets out good practice for the provision of an effective crisis management response.

The new standard aims to help organizations:

  • Understand the context and challenges of crisis management
  • Develop crisis management planning and training
  • Recognize the complexities facing a crisis team in action
  • Communicate successfully during a crisis.

More details.

The Software Engineering Institute has published version two of its ‘A Taxonomy of Operational Cyber Security Risks’ report. This updates a document first published in 2010, presenting a taxonomy of operational cyber security risks.

A Taxonomy of Operational Cyber Security Risks attempts to identify and organize the sources of operational cyber security risk into four classes:

(1) Actions of people,
(2) Systems and technology failures,
(3) Failed internal processes, and
(4) External events.

It discusses the harmonization of the taxonomy with other risk and security activities, particularly those described by the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publications, and the CERT Operationally Critical Threat, Asset, and Vulnerability Evaluation (OCTAVE®) method.

Obtain A Taxonomy of Operational Cyber Security Risks.

CIO — CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — The debate about technology in the enterprise used to focus on hope vs. fear. Now it's fear vs. fear — specifically, the fear of becoming the next Target vs. the fear that technology will eat your lunch, says Narinder Singh, president of [topcoder] and chief strategy officer at Appirio.

Just as we recognized that MIT Sloan CIO Symposium also suggest that digitization drives innovation. As one example, Peter Weill, chairman of the MIT Center for Information Systems Research, points to Orange Money, which lets Orange mobile phone customers in rural, developing nations access previously off-limits financial services.



Computerworld — IT departments need to watch out for business units or even individual workers going rogue and bypassing IT to go straight to the cloud.

Theres a tug-of-war tension in the enterprise right now, said Gartner analyst Lydia Leong. IT administrators very rarely voluntarily want to go with the public cloud. I call this the turkeys dont vote for thanksgiving theory. The people who are pushing for these services are not IT operations people but business people.

When marketing, events or other corporate business units conclude that IT is dragging its feet on the way to the cloud, the contract for the services themselves. IT often doesn't discover the move until oit shows up in the tech expenses papers.



Hands up all those in favour of a cost centre. Nobody – just as we thought! Now, hands up all those who’d like a new profit centre. Ah, much better! With the trend to define business operations in terms of the net profit they generate, instead of the expense to be funded, your next clear contributor to a healthy bottom line could be business continuity management. The general benefits have always been there, for example, better risk management and enhanced organisational reputation. However, it’s not always been easy to put a figure on their effect. The factors below open up new possibilities.



I’ve always felt a little fuzzy about the difference between analytics, business intelligence and business analytics.

It seems there’s good reason for that: You’ll discover quite a bit of variance in how they’re defined, as a recent InformIT post shows.

The piece is actually a chapter from “Business Analytics Principles, Concepts and Applications: What, Why and How,” by Marc J. Schniederjans, Dara G. Schniederjans and Christopher M. Starkey. The chapter sets out definitions for each of these terms, starting with the more general term, analytics.



S&P 500 companies are seeing climate change related risks increase in urgency, likelihood and frequency, with many describing significant impacts already affecting their business operations, according to a new report from CDP, which collects environmental performance information on behalf of investors.

Reported risks affect companies in all economic sectors and include damage to facilities, reduced product demand, lost productivity and necessitated write-offs, often with price tags reaching millions of dollars.

Forty five percent of the risks S&P 500 companies face from extreme weather and climate changes are current, or expected to fall within the next one-to-five years, up from 26 percent just three years ago.

The S&P 500 companies also indicate that 50 percent of these risks range from “more likely than not” to “virtually certain” up from 34 percent three years ago.

"Dealing with climate change is now a cost of doing business" says Tom Carnac, President of CDP in North America. "Making investments in climate change related resilience planning both in their own operations and in the supply chain has become crucial for all corporations to manage this increasing risk".

Around 60 companies describe the current and potential future risks and their associated costs in the research, which highlights excerpts from the companies’ disclosures to their investors between 2011 and 2013.

The report is available at https://www.cdp.net/CDPResults/review-2011-2013-USA-disclosures.pdf

Traditional approaches to cybersecurity are no longer working and organizations that fail to update their strategies run the risk of significant financial and reputational damage. This was the major insight from the inaugural IT Leaders’ Roundtable events hosted by Protiviti and Robert Half Technology, which were attended by chief information security officers (CISOs) from a range of private and public sector organizations.

The main challenge lies in communication between CISOs/IT and the board, reported attendees. While boards of directors are aware of the risks associated with cyber crime, partly because of recent high profile attacks in the news and partly because of guidance from GCHQ and other government bodies, they tend to view expenditure on measures to tackle cyber crime as overheads, rather than risk mitigation.



Organizations seeking to improve the security and management of their data now have access to a new blueprint for successful information governance, a framework for organizations looking to define the roles, policies, processes and metrics required to properly manage the lifecycle of information, including creation, storage, access, and disposal.

Developed by a group of records and information management professionals in the financial services industry and published by Iron Mountain Incorporated, ‘A Practical Guide to Information Governance’ provides organizations with advice for creating and implementing the policies and processes needed to manage information risk and satisfy compliance requirements.

A Practical Guide to Information Governance focuses on several key areas for building information governance programs, including:



Tuesday, 27 May 2014 15:24

Information - friend or foe?

Information is both a risk and a resource when thinking about organisational resilience, including business continuity. There are plenty of examples of information losses that have caused major embarrassment, cost a considerable amount of money to resolve and resulted in a loss of trust as well as clients. These have included hacking and cyber attack problems, lost memory devices, leaving files on the train or selling off filing cabinets with records still in them. They even involve being photographed on the way to an important meeting carrying a document the content of which can be easily read from the photographs. Organisations involved have ranged from small business to multi-nationals and public sector bodies. The nature of information as a risk is well publicised, as a result, even if after the fact of its loss. The assessment and treatment of information risks is perhaps less well understood in practice as such losses continue to occur. How well thought through is your information risk strategy? Do you fully understand the nature of this risk and have you treated it properly? No one wants to see his or her organisation’s reputation in the gutter due to the loss of sensitive information, be it commercial or personal.



All BCM program components must be validated prior to any disaster ever occurring; the more validation performed, meaning the more tests with varying situations and scenarios are performed, the better the overall Crisis Management plan and strategy will achieve. The problem is that all too often an organization will draft a crisis management strategy (contained within the crisis management plan) and believe that it will work as documented. This isn’t always the case and in too many instances, it can prove to be detrimental to an organization when it’s experiencing a major business interruption – regardless of the trigger.
There are many indicators to show an organization that what it’s doing isn’t working and that the strategy they are currently working with needs an immediate change.

Disasters and crises can present many challenges for organization and an organization should no compound their own problems by not being alert to early signals that they might be heading down the wrong road.

Below are just a few of those early warning signs that can help an organization amend its crisis communication strategy (the plan) to ensure it doesn’t end up losing control of the overall situation.



ISO27001, the standard for information security, has recently had a face-lift. It is claimed that ISO27001 is the second largest selling management systems standard in the world and one might assume that this means there has been a significant uptake in its global implementation. The numbers of standards sold is not too surprising. It has been around since 2007 and was essentially derived from BS7799 (1995) and ISO17799 (2000), so information security professionals have had two decades to get used to it. How influential it has been in changing attitudes to security is less clear, some see it as the most important landmark in getting to topic on the management agenda; others see it as too inflexible and procedure based to help counter the real threats posed today by cyber criminality.




Some of the most senior and experienced people in the business continuity industry got together in Amsterdam on the 21st and 22nd May for the annual BCI Executive Forum, a networking and thought leadership event that addressed the future challenges to the industry. The theme for the Executive Forum was resilience and the need business continuity to become a part of the strategic direction of the organization to ensure that it is able to respond and adapt to a changing envoronment.

On day one of the Forum, renowned futurologist – Dr James Bellini – took delegates through his vision of what the world may look like in 5, 10 or perhaps even 15 years and what this could mean for organizations and those charged with managing them. These visions looked at the changing demographics and economies of the world and the development of technology:

  • Issues of an urban world – as populations are rapidly moving away from rural areas and into cities, and as these cities therefore become larger, what does this mean for their infrastructure and the socio-economic culture that develops within that city.
  • Smart cities – Technology is developing at a dramatic rate with more and more of our environment becoming digitally connected. Placing such reliance on this technology clearly has its benefits, but it also comes with risks.
  • Implications of western renaissance – as the BRIC economies expand as well as those of developing countries, it perhaps no longer makes them the cheaper option for outsourcing. Complex supply chains could be drawn back into the traditional economies, changing the dynamics of that region.

Day two of the conference looked at specific industries with the financial sector, public sector and manufacturing and retail all featuring. Experts in these fields talked through what the challenges were and how they overcame them and this was followed by a discussion on what the wider implications could be of a changing world and deciding upon some actions that the industry needs to take.

The key discussions and action points that came out of the Executive Forum will be published in a report towards the end of June and this will be available free of charge to Statutory Members of the BCI, or it can be purchased from the BCI Shop. The report will be supported by a webinar that can be registered for by clicking here.

CIO — Technology today, particularly big data and analytics, is disrupting roles throughout the enterprise, whether it's the CIO that needs to seek new ways to be a strategic partner to the business or the CMO constantly faced with decisions about technology that can make the marketing function more data-driven and efficient. Even the CFO role is not immune.

"The CFO doesn't really have to be a technologist, but they have to understand how the power of technology can help them do their job," says Nicole Anasenes, CFO of enterprise software solutions specialist Infor. "The pressures on the CFO are not terribly different than they've always been, but the interconnectedness of the world and the rate of change adds to it. They need to react to change quickly with speed and flexibility."

Anasenes was a panelist at the Bloomberg CFO Summit this week on the topic: "Dealing with New Technology and Building a Business Case for It."



IDG News Service (Boston Bureau) — A printer that connects to the Web may pose as great a risk to enterprise security as an OS vulnerability, but yet companies worry about the latter and too often ignore the former, said a CTO during a discussion at MIT.

With more devices gaining Web connectivity as part of the Internet of Things movement, hackers have greater opportunities to exploit weaknesses, said Patrick Gilmore, CTO of data-center and telecommunications service provider the Markley Group. The people who write software for printers may not be worried about security, he said.

"No one talks about what if your printer is hacked and every document your CEO printed is posted to a blog," he said.



You may not think about information governance as a cost-saving measure, but it turns out, it can potentially save you millions.

That’s because most companies are so worried about regulatory compliance, they overshoot on data retention, according to a recent CIO.com column by Actiance Vice President Doug Kaminski.

More than 70 percent of data stored in discovery collections has no business, legal or regulatory value, Kaminski writes, citing findings by the Compliance, Governance and Oversight Council (CGOC).



El Niño expected to develop and suppress the number and intensity of
tropical cyclones

2014 Atlantic Hurricane Outlook graphic

2014 Atlantic hurricane outlook.

Download here (Credit:NOAA)

In its 2014 Atlantic hurricane season outlook issued today, NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center is forecasting a near-normal or below-normal season.

The main driver of this year’s outlook is the anticipated development of El Niño this summer. El Niño causes stronger wind shear, which reduces the number and intensity of tropical storms and hurricanes. El Niño can also strengthen the trade winds and increase the atmospheric stability across the tropical Atlantic, making it more difficult for cloud systems coming off of Africa to intensify into tropical storms.

The outlook calls for a 50 percent chance of a below-normal season, a 40 percent chance of a near-normal season, and only a 10 percent chance of an above-normal season.  For the six-month hurricane season, which begins June 1, NOAA predicts a 70 percent likelihood of 8 to 13 named storms (winds of 39 mph or higher), of which 3 to 6 could become hurricanes (winds of 74 mph or higher), including 1 to 2 major hurricanes (Category 3, 4 or 5; winds of 111 mph or higher).

These numbers are near or below the seasonal averages of 12 named storms, six hurricanes and three major hurricanes, based on the average from 1981 to 2010. The Atlantic hurricane region includes the North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico.

“Thanks to the environmental intelligence from NOAA’s network of earth observations, our scientists and meteorologists can provide life-saving products like our new storm surge threat map and our hurricane forecasts,” said Kathryn Sullivan, Ph.D., NOAA administrator. “And even though we expect El Niño to suppress the number of storms this season, it’s important to remember it takes only one land falling storm to cause a disaster.”

Satellite view of Humberto, the first of only two Atlantic hurricanes in 2013.

Humberto was the first of only two Atlantic hurricanes in 2013. It reached peak intensity, with top winds of 90 mph, in the far eastern Atlantic.

Download here (Credit:NOAA)

Gerry Bell, Ph.D., lead seasonal hurricane forecaster with NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center, said the Atlantic – which has seen above-normal seasons in 12 of the last 20 years – has been in an era of high activity for hurricanes since 1995. However, this high-activity pattern is expected to be offset in 2014 by the impacts of El Niño, and by cooler Atlantic Ocean temperatures than we’ve seen in recent years.

“Atmospheric and oceanic conditions across the tropical Pacific are already taking on some El Niño characteristics. Also, we are currently seeing strong trade winds and wind shear over the tropical Atlantic, and NOAA’s climate models predict these conditions will persist, in part because of El Niño,” Bell said. “The expectation of near-average Atlantic Ocean temperatures this season, rather than the above-average temperatures seen since 1995, also suggests fewer Atlantic hurricanes.”

NOAA is rolling out new tools at the National Hurricane Center this year. An experimental mapping tool will be used to show communities their storm surge flood threat. The map will be issued for coastal areas when a hurricane or tropical storm watch is first issued, or approximately 48 hours before the anticipated onset of tropical storm force winds. The map will show land areas where storm surge could occur and how high above ground the water could reach in those areas.

Early testing on continued improvements to NOAA’s Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting model (HWRF) shows a 10 percent improvement in this year's model compared to last year. Hurricane forecasters use the HWRF along with other models to produce forecasts and issue warnings.  The HWRF model is being adopted by a number of Western Pacific and Indian Ocean rim nations.

 NOAA’s seasonal hurricane outlook is not a hurricane landfall forecast; it does not predict how many storms will hit land or where a storm will strike. Forecasts for individual storms and their impacts will be provided throughout the season by NOAA’s National Hurricane Center.

"It only takes one hurricane or tropical storm making landfall to have disastrous impacts on our communities," said Joe Nimmich, FEMA associate administrator for Response and Recovery. "Just last month, Pensacola, Florida saw five inches of rain in 45 minutes – without a tropical storm or hurricane. We need you to be ready. Know your risk for hurricanes and severe weather, take action now to be prepared and be an example for others in your office, school or community. Learn more about how to prepare for hurricanes at www.ready.gov/hurricanes."

Next week, May 25-31, is National Hurricane Preparedness Week. To help those living in hurricane-prone areas prepare, NOAA offers hurricane preparedness tips, along with video and audio public service announcements in both English and Spanish, featuring NOAA hurricane experts and the FEMA Administrator at www.hurricanes.gov/prepare.

NOAA’s outlook for the Eastern Pacific basin is for a near-normal or above-normal hurricane season, and the Central Pacific basin is also expected to have a near-normal or above-normal season. NOAA will issue an updated outlook for the Atlantic hurricane season in early August, just prior to the historical peak of the season.

NOAA’s mission is to understand and predict changes in the Earth's environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun, and to conserve and manage our coastal and marine resources. Join us on FacebookTwitter and our other social media channels.

Friday, 23 May 2014 14:58

BCI European Awards


The 2014 BCI European Awards took place on Wednesday 21st May at a Gala Dinner to coincide with the Executive Forum in Amsterdam. The BCI European Awards are held each year to recognise the outstanding contribution of business continuity professionals and organizations living in or operating in Europe.

The Winners of the Awards were:

Business Continuity Consultant of the Year
Bill Crichton FBCI

Public Sector Business Continuity Manager of the Year
James McAlister MBCI

Business Continuity Manager of the Year
Werner Verlinden FBCI

Business Continuity Innovation of the Year
Pinbellcom Limited

Business Continuity Provider of the Year (Product)

Business Continuity Service of the Year (Service)
Continuity Shop

Business Continuity Team of the Year
Marks & Spencer

Most Effective Recovery of the Year
EDP Distribucao

Industry Personality of the Year
Andy Tomkinson MBCI

Congratulations to all the winners and well done to all those who were nominated. As always the standard of entries was high and the judges had some difficult decisions to make.

All winners from the BCI European Awards 2014 will be automatically entered into the BCI Global Awards 2014 which take place in November during the BCI World Conference and Exhibition 2014.


Over 100 industry leaders and experts in the field of business continuity and its related disciplines got together to share ideas, vision and take home best practices that will help build organizational resilience at the first ever BCI Middle East Conference and Exhibition held at The Address, Dubai Marina. The event was organized by the Middle East Member Firm Protiviti, a global consulting firm.

The two day event titled 'Business Continuity: Building a Resilient Middle East' saw practitioners brainstorm on various aspects of business continuity and risk management that are of relevance in today’s challenging business environment. Putting its business continuity expertise to use, Protiviti designed the sessions to focus on tackling the industry pain points by discussing the specifics within each sector, which was supplemented by success stories for others to emulate.

One of the highlights of the event was the keynote speech by Abdul Mohsin Ibrahim Younes, Chief Executive Officer, Strategy and Corporate Governance, Roads and Transport Authority (RTA), Dubai. He shared RTA’s vision around 'Safe and smooth transport for all' and elaborated the measures in place to execute the plan.

Speaking about the event, Lorraine Darke, Executive Director at the Business Continuity Institute, said: “The commitment that Protiviti put into making this event a success is recognized and truly appreciated. The event provided delegates with valuable learning experience, which we are sure will help drive critical organizational change in the region.”

Senthil Kumar, Protiviti’s Managing Director, said: “The first Middle East conference aimed to give business continuity practitioners some real insight into solutions, latest researches, techniques and best practices. We are glad we achieved it with much success. We would like to thank each and every delegate, sponsor and exhibitor who made this possible.”

Heartbleed and the OAuth and OpenID vulnerabilities have created a lot of questions about open source security. And Zack Whittaker writes in this article in ZDNet that these vulnerabilities aren’t out of the norm:

Many millions of Java-based and other open source applications are vulnerable to flaws that have been around for, in some cases, years. And even up to today, they are being downloaded.

But in an InformationWeek commentary, Michele Chubirka writes that open source isn’t any worse than commercial or closed source software:



Thursday, 22 May 2014 18:23

Risk: A Game of Thrones

HBO, the producer of ”made for TV” award-winning shows, is renowned for its high-quality programming, documentaries and event TV.  One of HBO’s hit shows, A Game of Thrones, is based on the A Song of Ice and Fire series of fictional novels by George R.R. Martin, the first installment of which was published in 1996.  The title of the show comes from a proverb that the Queen Cersei quotes in the novel: “When you play the game of thrones, you win or you die.  There is no middle ground.”

The series has more plot twists than a murder mystery and captures the imagination.  There is no shortage of drama, intrigue and, of course, obligatory gratuitous sex.  But what does this have to do with risk management?

A Game of Thrones is a great metaphor for how human behavior can radically change the course of events, including the downfall of empires (oops, I meant to say corporations).  Fiction is a reflection of real human behavior.  In fact, “conduct risk” may be the hardest risk to manage simply because it permeates every aspect of business life.  Conduct risk is the manifestation of every decision an employee of a firm makes to either act ethically or take advantage of opportunities for self-indulgence.  Given the temptations of wealth, power and access to resources only available to senior executives, it should not be surprising that fraud occurs.  Yet each time it happens, we sit back in awe and judgment, condemning bad behavior.  Seldom is this behavior condemned, though, before it causes catastrophic failure.



Money alone can’t buy happiness, and technology by itself can’t buy disaster recovery – but they can both help significantly! IT disaster recovery management needs thought, planning and training of personnel; being aware of what technology has to offer is an important part of this. Check our handy ten-point list below to see if you’re making the most of what’s available.

Archiving systems. Use these to store data no longer needed on a daily basis, but which must still be kept. Archiving is complementary to backup, but not the same....


Like most companies, small to midsize businesses (SMBs) are on the lookout to save money and simplify complexities of day-to-day tasks. Many SMBs already have a small (or non-existent) IT staff, so creating efficiencies in workflows and access to information for employees is often not top of mind. However, the increasing role of desktop virtualization in the enterprise is spreading to include those smaller businesses and can help with efforts toward increased efficiency.

Today, client virtualization company NComputing announced that it will provide a new desktop as a service (DaaS) solution to select service providers around the U.S. and other countries. In fact, the first provider to offer the DaaS solution to SMBs is So-net Corporation, a member of the Sony group, which is located in Japan.



Thursday, 22 May 2014 18:19

Warning: Big Data Road Bump Ahead

My friend and I have a running joke. We’ve decided we liked 35 so much, we’re going to stick with it for a decade or so.

Okay, it’s not particularly clever, but to us, it was worth a quick laugh. It probably wouldn’t be so funny if I handled data quality at Paytronix, a company that manages customer loyalty programs for restaurant chains.

When Paytronix analyzed its data quality, it found that approximately 10 percent of customers lie about their age. Another 18 percent leave it blank. Couple that with about 25 percent of restaurants that don’t even ask, and you’ve got a real problem with a significant demographic identifier.



Thursday, 22 May 2014 17:17

Turning Big Data into Big Knowledge

Big Data is not just the latest fad to hit the enterprise, it’s an obsession. On the one hand is the fear of constructing the infrastructure capable of handling massive volumes, and on the other is the anticipation of all the advantages to be gained by mining and analyzing that data.

New research from QuinStreet Enterprise reveals that more than three quarters of all organizations consider Big Data a top priority in the coming year, citing the need to foster speed and accuracy in the decision-making process as a key driver. Interestingly, it seems that Big Data is not just the province of the Big Enterprise either. More than 70 percent of mid-sized companies are also planning Big Data initiatives.



Thursday, 22 May 2014 17:16

Piracy Incidents Down

Steps taken by the international maritime community have paid off, reducing the threat of piracy in the Arabian Sea’s Gulf of Aden, according to the Allianz Global Corporate & Specialty Safety and Shipping Review 2014. The number of ships seized and hostages taken was down significantly in 2013. According to the International Maritime Bureau (IMB), piracy at sea is at the lowest level in six years—264 attacks were recorded worldwide in 2013, a 40%drop since Somali piracy peaked in 2011. There were 15 incidents reported off Somalia in 2013, including Gulf of Aden and Red Sea incidents—down from 75 in 2012, and 237 in 2011 (including attacks attributed to Somali pirates in the Gulf of Aden, Red Sea and Oman).

But while the number of incidents in this region has gone down, piracy attacks in other areas have increased in frequency, notably Indonesia and off the west coast of Africa. While most of these Indonesian attacks remain local, low level opportunistic thefts carried out by small bands of individuals, a third of the incidents in these waters were reported in the last quarter of 2013, meaning there is potential for such attacks to escalate into a more organized piracy model unless they are controlled.



Following the occurrence of a disruptive incident to your organization, what is your perception of how prepared your organization is to properly respond to that event and to provide a repeatable approach to minimize downtime resulting from that event? Do you believe that disaster preparedness is present in the planning capability or culture of your organization?
Unfortunately, observed results of organizations reactions to disasters in many organizations, indicate that a “business continuity management” “BCMS) awareness is often not given enough attention.

Once your organization is able to address this component as one it’s growing requirements in maintaining a “keeping the doors open” approach to running its business, then, hopefully “planning” will begin to be recognized as a necessary discipline to implement into its own corporate culture.


LINCROFT, N.J. -- The New York and New Jersey Sandy Recovery field offices are supporting a national initiative to maximize resilience and minimize risk. FEMA is encouraging those rebuilding from Hurricane Sandy to join the agency in its recognition of the 34th annual Building Safety Month (BSM) to promote the importance of high building standards, protecting the environment and saving energy.

BSM is a public awareness campaign established by the International Code Council (ICC). The global campaign focuses on public outreach and education to increase the overall safety and sustainability of buildings through the adoption of model building codes and promotion of code enforcement—elements for New York and New Jersey to consider as the area rebuilds after the storm.

Those in the affected states—and nationwide—can avail themselves of FEMA’s Building Science Department online and print information about various natural and man-made disasters and how they affect building safety. The agency introduces basic concepts used to design new or retrofitted buildings. Also offered are measures to increase resilience against future disasters while retaining or elevating efficiency—a two-pronged approach in dealing with climate change.

For the fourth consecutive year, President Obama has proclaimed May as National Building Safety Month to underscore the role that safe building codes and standards play in decreasing the effects of disasters and making the nation resilient. Building codes protect citizens from disasters like fires, flooding and weather-related events like Hurricane Sandy and structural collapse.

The overarching theme of BSM is Building Safety: Maximizing resilience, minimizing risks with sub-themes for each of its respective four weeks: fire, weather, yard and outdoor safety, and for the final week of the campaign, Building a brighter, more efficient tomorrow.   

For more information, on FEMA’s Building Science Branch, visit www.fema.gov/building-science. More information on Building Safety Month is at: www.buildingsafetymonth.org and www.iccsafe.org.

FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

Wednesday, 21 May 2014 14:35

BCI India Awards


The 2014 BCI India Awards took place on Monday 19th May at a Gala Dinner to coincide with the second Business and IT Resilience Summit in Mumbai. The BCI India Awards are held each year to recognise the outstanding contribution of business continuity professionals and organizations living in or operating in India.

The Winners of the Awards were:

Business Continuity Manager of the Year
Dhirendra Kumar MBCI 

Business Continuity Consultant of the Year
Saurabh Agarwal 

Business Continuity Team of the Year
Reliance Life Insurance

Business Continuity Innovation of the Year

Business Continuity Provider of the Year (Service)
Sungard Availability Services

Business Continuity Provider of the Year (Product)
Sungard Availability Services

Industry Personality of the Year
Chittarajan Kajwadkar MBCI

Congratulations to all the winners and well done to all those who were nominated. As always the standard of entries was high and the judges had some difficult decisions to make.

All winners from the BCI India Awards 2014 will be automatically entered into the BCI Global Awards 2014 which take place in November during the BCI World Conference and Exhibition 2014.

In this age of Big Data, mobile communications and the Internet of Things, virtually everyone in the IT industry is aware of the need for scale. But even with dynamic cloud architectures at the ready, is there such a thing as too much scale? And are there right ways and wrong ways to implement scalability across data center infrastructure?

To hear infrastructure vendors tell it, scalability should be the top priority for enterprises across the board. And indeed, as Apcon CEO Richard Rauch told CIOL recently, with increased traffic soon to be coming from virtually everything we touch, data center infrastructure will have to scale in order to meet the availability and reliability levels that we have come to expect. For a networking company like Apcon, this means advanced switching capabilities that support non-blocking connectivity and heavy traffic flows, along with the visibility tools needed to keep an eye on things.



DENVER – A year ago Tuesday, on May 20, an EF5 tornado struck Moore, Oklahoma, killing 24 and leaving a 17-mile trail of destruction.

The anniversary is a poignant reminder of the importance of preparing for tornadoes, point out emergency managers from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The United States gets 75 percent of the world’s tornadoes, on average more than 1,100 per year.

FEMA’s Ready.gov website (http://www.ready.gov/) provides these suggestions for what to do before, during and after a tornado:


  • Build an emergency kit and make a family communications plan.
  • Listen to electronic media for the latest information. In any emergency, always listen to the instructions given by local emergency management officials.
  • Be alert to changing weather conditions. Look for approaching storms.
  • Look for the danger signs: a dark, often greenish sky; large hail; a large, dark, low-lying cloud (particularly if rotating); and a loud roar, similar to a freight train.
  • If you see approaching storms or any of the danger signs, be prepared to take shelter immediately.


If you are under a tornado warning, seek shelter immediately!  Most injuries associated with high winds are from flying debris, so remember to protect your head.

If you are in a building, go to a pre-designated area such as a safe room, basement, storm cellar, or the lowest building level. If there is no basement, go to the center of a small interior room on the lowest level (closet, interior hallway) away from corners, windows, doors, and outside walls. Put as many walls as possible between you and the outside. Get under a sturdy table and use your arms to protect your head and neck. In a high-rise building, go to a small interior room or hallway on the lowest floor possible. Do not open windows.

If you are in a manufactured home or office, get out immediately and go to a pre-identified location such as the lowest floor of a sturdy, nearby building or a storm shelter. Mobile homes, even if tied down, offer little protection from tornadoes.

If you are outside with no shelter, there is no single research-based recommendation for what last-resort action to take because many factors can affect your decision. Possible actions include:

  • Immediately get into a vehicle, buckle your seat belt and try to drive to the closest sturdy shelter. If your vehicle is hit by flying debris while you are driving, pull over and park.
  • Take cover in a stationary vehicle. Put the seat belt on and cover your head with your arms and a blanket, coat or other cushion if possible.
  • Lie in an area noticeably lower than the level of the roadway and cover your head with your arms and a blanket, coat or other cushion if possible.
  • Do not get under an overpass or bridge. You are safer in a low, flat location.
  • Never try to outrun a tornado in urban or congested areas in a car or truck. Instead, leave the vehicle immediately for safe shelter.
  • Watch out for flying debris. Flying debris from tornadoes causes most fatalities and injuries.


  • Check for injuries. Do not attempt to move seriously injured people unless they are in immediate danger of further injury. Get medical assistance immediately. If someone has stopped breathing, begin CPR if you are trained to do so. Stop a bleeding injury by applying direct pressure to the wound. Have any puncture wound evaluated by a physician. If you are trapped, try to attract attention to your location.
  • A study of tornado damage in Marion, Illinois, showed half of all tornado-related injuries came after the tornado, from rescue attempts, clean up, and so forth. Almost a third of the injuries came from stepping on nails.
  • Wear sturdy shoes or boots, long sleeves and gloves when handling or walking on or near debris.
  • Be very careful when entering any damaged structure, and use battery-powered light if possible rather than candles to minimize the danger of fire or explosions.
  • Be alert to the danger of fire, electrocution or explosions from damaged power and gas lines.
  • Continue to monitor your battery-powered radio or television for emergency information.
  • Never use any gasoline, propane, natural gas or charcoal-burning devices inside your home, basement, garage or camper, or even outside near an open window, door or vent. Carbon monoxide – an odorless, colorless gas that can cause sudden illness and death if you breathe it –can build up inside any enclose space and poison the people and animals inside. Seek prompt medical attention if you suspect CO poisoning and are feeling dizzy, light-headed or nauseated.

Research shows that most people wait until bad news is confirmed by a second source before taking action. With tornadoes, act first, emergency officials warn. Take shelter yourself, then be the second source that confirms the emergency for others by phone or social media.

A timeline of some of the most significant tornadoes to affect the six-state region covered by FEMA’s Denver regional office, with links for more information, is available at http://www.fema.gov/fema-region-8-tornado-timeline.

FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

The BCM program in many progressive enterprises focuses on Incident Readiness.  Integrating critical aspects of Planning, Incident Response and Incident Management, an Incident Readiness program aims to assure an organization is truly prepared to respond to any disruption of its day-to-day operations.  Incident Readiness may not be the right prescription for every BCM program; for some, BCM programs may simply be traditional ’3-ring binder’ Plans and table-top tests.  But for most, Incident Readiness may be the key to a successful BCM future.

In our two earlier blogs we defined Incident Readiness, and examined the requirements to implement it.  Finally, let’s look at the benefits: the tangible advantages of an Incident Ready BCM program:



By Deborah Ritchie

A majority of UK businesses expect to increase their dependency on exports, despite being unaware of the associated risks. More than two-thirds (69%) of UK businesses expect to increase their dependency on exports over the next five years but many are ill-prepared to protect themselves against the risks they will encounter, according to a report by AIG, Trade & Export Finance and the Institute of Export.

Findings show that risk related to non-payment of goods and services is UK exporters’ biggest concern, cited by 42% of respondents. However, only 37% of companies purchase trade credit insurance (down from 40% in 2013 and 53% in 2012), while 49% of all companies rely on open account payment, according to the International Trade Survey 2014, the largest independent survey of its kind which captures the views of over 2,800 companies.



Tuesday, 20 May 2014 17:31

Preparing for Hurricane Season

With less than two weeks weeks until the official start of the Atlantic hurricane season on June 1, organizations and homeowners alike are hoping that this year’s season mirrors that of 2013, which was one of the quietest in 30 years. So far, most experts are predicting another relatively calm year.

Philip Klotzbach and William Gray from Colorado State University’s Tropical Meteorology Project predicted below-average hurricane activity, with nine named stroms, three of which would be hurricance and only 1 would be a major hurricane (Category 3 or higher). According to their research, there is only a 35% chance of a major hurricane making landfall in the United States. the average for the last century has been 52%.



We recently published part 1 of a new series designed to help organizations build resiliency against targeted attacks. In the spirit of Maslow, we designed our Targeted-Attack Hierarchy Of Needs. One factor that significantly drove the tone and direction of this research was Forrester client inquiries and consulting. Many organizations were looking for a malware sandbox to check off their targeted attack/advanced persistent threat/advanced threat protection/insert buzzword needs. Malware analysis has a role in enterprise defense, but focusing exclusively on it is a myopic approach to addressing the problem.  

Part 1 of the research is designed to help organizations broaden their perspective and lay the foundation for a resilient security program. Part 2 (currently writing at a non George R.R. Martin pace) will move beyond the basics and address strategies for detecting and responding to advanced adversaries. Here is a preview of the research and the six needs we identified:



If most problems are due to human error, the next metric for understanding risk and business impact might just be the stupidity index. It’s a somewhat tricky concept in a business sense, because stupidity is often context-dependent. The Peter Principle points this out, by stating that in organisations, people are promoted to their highest level of incompetence. Carlo Maria Cipolla also researched the matter to come up with a number of ‘laws of stupidity’. One of these laws in particular is relevant to business continuity management: “Non-stupid people always underestimate harmful potential of stupid people.”



DENVER – A year ago Tuesday, on May 20, an EF5 tornado struck Moore, Oklahoma, killing 24 and leaving a 17-mile trail of destruction.

A month later, June 20, will be the anniversary of the 1957 EF5 tornado in Fargo that killed 10 and was part of a family of five tornadoes that wreaked havoc for almost 70 miles, from Buffalo, North Dakota, to Dale, Minnesota. The tornado and its damage were studied extensively by T. Theodore Fujita of the University of Chicago, which led to his later development of the 1-5 F-Scale for ranking tornadoes. (The Fargo tornado was ranked in retrospect.) 

Both anniversaries are a poignant reminder of the importance of preparing for tornadoes, point out emergency managers from the North Dakota Division of Emergency Management and from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). North Dakota gets an average of 23 reported tornadoes per year, mostly in June, July and August.

The state’s website (http://www.nd.gov/des/uploads/resources/150/tornadotips.pdf) provides these suggestions for what to do during a tornado:

  • In a house with a basement: Avoid windows. Get in the basement and under some kind of sturdy protection (heavy table or work bench), or cover yourself with a mattress or sleeping bag. Know where very heavy objects rest on the floor above (pianos, refrigerators, waterbeds, etc.) and do not go under them. They may fall down through a weakened floor and crush you.
  • In a house with no basement, a dorm, or an apartment: Avoid windows. Go to the lowest floor, small center room (like a bathroom or closet), under a stairwell, or in an interior hallway with no windows. Crouch as low as possible to the floor, facing down, and cover your head with your hands. A bath tub may offer a shell of partial protection. Even in an interior room, you should cover yourself with some sort of thick padding (mattress, blankets, etc.), to protect against falling debris in case the roof and ceiling fail.
  • In an office building, hospital, or nursing home: Go directly to an enclosed, windowless area in the center of the building -- away from glass. Crouch down and cover your head. Interior stairwells are usually good places to take shelter, and if not crowded, allow you to get to a lower level quickly. Stay off the elevators; you could be trapped in them if the power is lost.
  • In a mobile home: Get out! Even if your home is tied down, you are probably safer outside, even if the only alternative is to seek shelter out in the open. Most tornadoes can destroy even tied-down mobile homes; and it is best not to play the low odds that yours will make it. If there is a sturdy permanent building within easy running distance, seek shelter there. Otherwise, lie flat on low ground away from your home, protecting your head. If possible, use open ground away from trees and cars, which can be blown onto you. The only fatality in the Northwood tornado remained in his home.
  • At school: Follow the drill! Go to the interior hall or room in an orderly way as you are told. Crouch low, head down, and protect the back of your head with your arms. Stay away from windows and large open rooms like gyms and auditoriums.
  • In a car or truck: Vehicles are extremely dangerous in a tornado. If the tornado is visible, far away, and the traffic is light, you may be able to drive out of its path by moving at right angles to the tornado. Otherwise, park the car as quickly and safely as possible -- out of the traffic lanes. Get out and seek shelter in a sturdy building. If in the open country, run to low ground away from any cars which could roll over onto you. Lie flat and face-down, protecting the back of your head with your arms. Avoid seeking shelter under bridges, which can create deadly traffic hazards while offering little protection against flying debris.
  • Outside: If possible, seek shelter in a sturdy building. If not, lie flat and face-down on low ground, protecting the back of your head with your arms. Get as far away from trees and cars as you can.
  • In a shopping mall or large store: Do not panic. Watch for others. Move as quickly as possible to an interior bathroom, storage room or other small enclosed area, away from windows.
  • In a church or theater: Do not panic. If possible, move quickly but orderly to an interior bathroom or hallway, away from windows. Crouch face-down and protect your head with your arms. If there is no time to do that, get under the seats or pews, protecting your head with your arms or hands.

Research shows that most people wait until bad news is confirmed by a second source before taking action. With tornadoes, act first, emergency officials warn. Take shelter yourself, then be the second source that confirms the emergency for others by phone or social media.

FEMA’s Ready.gov website cites a study of tornado damage in Marion, Illinois, that showed half of all tornado-related injuries came after the tornado, from rescue attempts, clean up, and so forth. Almost a third of the injuries came from stepping on nails. Be very careful when entering any damaged structure, and use battery-powered light if possible rather than candles to minimize the danger of fire or explosions.

A timeline of some of the most significant tornadoes to affect the six-state region covered by FEMA’s Denver regional office, with links for more information, is available at http://www.fema.gov/fema-region-8-tornado-timeline.

FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

Shahid N. Shah, an expert on EMR/EHR systems, says health care organizations are spinning their wheels with interoperability when they should be learning something from the past 50 years of enterprise technology integration.

Sigh. I had hoped health care would be able to learn from the past 50 years of enterprise technology when it came to handling data.

“The need for and attention to interoperability in health care is palpable—more and more vendors talk about, and even more customers complain about, how it's missing from products,” Shah writes in a recent iHealth Beat column. “Service vendors are struggling to make it happen and even the government is joining the chorus to help.”



Computerworld — It's a familiar complaint: Executives from a business department learn about a new, often cloud-based product and they want to try it. Only they can't, because IT has decreed that this wonderful new product creates too much risk. The frustrated business execs gripe that IT is standing in the way of progress. As one business executive said, IT is "where dreams go to die."

The problem might not lie in some stubborn dislike by technology professionals for innovative new products. The problem, CIOs and other experts agree, is that most organizations don't have a realistic, balanced or mature system for evaluating and making decisions about technology risk. Especially the risk that always comes with implementing something new.

"Somebody, typically in a line of business, has some SaaS product they want to use, and they provide a business case for it: 'Here's all the good stuff that can result from the use of this. It'll make my numbers. I can access it from anywhere,'" says Jay Heiser, an analyst at Gartner.



By Deborah Ritchie

Technology is changing the way insurers and buyers of insurance interact. This is according to a Swiss Re whose analysis into digital distribution in insurance shows how the internet and mobile devices are empowering consumers everywhere. Despite this development, digital transformation does not spell the end of intermediaries, the report’s authors say.

Today, people can search, review and purchase insurance policies without relying solely on the services of intermediaries. At the same time, developments in Big Data are facilitating access to a rich source of data about customers, which insurers can use to enhance sales and marketing strategies. Digital transformation overall can help insurers become more consumer-centric.



By Wayne Rigby, chairman, Alarm

As the UK emerges from winter into spring, the hopes of better weather will be front of mind for many people. Despite the recent extreme weather, temperatures have been relatively mild for the time of year. Remember 2013, when we saw snow fall and temperatures plummet in the middle of May? A repeat of this will be unwelcome by most I’m sure. At the time of writing this column, it is estimated that insurers face a bill of at least £800m due to the recent storms and floods, with the figure set to rise as flood water subsides and the full extent of damage is revealed. In addition to this, public sector organisations, which already face challenges in maintaining vital services for their communities due to the level of public sector funding cuts, will be counting the cost of damage within their own areas.



Last week, we introduced the latest findings from studies of the RIMS Risk Maturity Model. In an effort to explain the model and results of the study more fully, it’s beneficial to break the RMM into each of its attributes. Here we’ll examine the first two attributes of an effective ERM program, ERM Based Approach and ERM Process Management.



Compliance risks are an inherent component of global business in the 21st century; many risks are familiar and some are new, but all can inflict potentially critical damage on an enterprise. At the same time, there are nascent signs that the ethics and compliance (E&C) discipline is maturing in many respects, and that many E&C programs, in the words of one expert, “occupy a moment of great opportunity.”

The 2014 Risk Forecast Report from the LRN Ethics and Compliance Alliance (ECA) finds E&C leaders confronting continued pressure—from lawmakers, regulators and corporate management—to demonstrate that their programs effectively address a broad range of very specific organizational risks. As many manage with tightened budgets, they are increasingly challenged to integrate their efforts ever more closely with the core day-to-day business functions of their organizations.




A survey by eHosting DataFort (eHDF) in partnership with the Business Continuity Institute (BCI) and Continuity and Resilience (CORE) has revealed an increased take up of IT Disaster Recovery in the Middle East over the last two years demonstrating that organizations are starting to take the threat more seriously.

The 2014 Middle East Business Continuity Management Survey, the third of its kind, showed that 73% of respondents had IT Disaster Recovery in place and 22% were considering implementation. The increased take up is compared to the 2012 survey which showed that nearly 63% of the respondents stated their organization did not have a dedicated IT Disaster Recovery or BCM team, and that Business Continuity Management was being driven by Information Security Unit, Quality Management, IT and Operational and Overall Risk teams.

While this is positive, there is still a long way to go as 56% of the respondents rated their organization’s IT DR readiness as average or below average.

A huge shift is already underway in the way organizations look at BCM. This year’s survey highlighted that 59% had a budgets greater than US$100,000 in order to implement and sustain their BCM program, while 32% allocated budgets in excess of US$250,000. Large organizations such as those in the banking, oil and gas, telecoms, government and e-commerce sectors, accounted for 11% of organizations that had set aside BCM budgets of more than US$1 million.

Yasser Zeineldin, CEO at eHosting DataFort, said, “The results are indicative of how the industry and business environment is evolving. Everything is driven by technology and it is imperative that organizations look closely at what is ‘crucial data’ and how it can be safeguarded in the instance of downtime caused either by a natural disaster or simply because of an IT outage.”

“eHDF has been at the forefront of stressing on the importance of Disaster Recovery and BCM, and this year’s survey shows that our efforts have reaped dividends. The increase in the number of organizations, both large corporations and SMEs, investing in disaster recovery and making contingency plans by adopting business continuity management programs look encouraging. We have seen a huge uptake for Disaster recovery services and have implemented high end DR projects for a number of organisations over the last year.”

Lyndon Bird, Technical Director at the BCI, commented: “The Business Continuity Institute’s  annual Horizon Scan survey showed just how seriously BC professionals take the cyber threat so it is encouraging to see that this is now being recognised at the Board level. Organizations are beginning to realise the value of having an effective business continuity management programme and the return on investment this can provide.”

The results from the survey show that 47% of BCM budgets in the region are being spent on IT disaster recovery infrastructure, seats, software and licensing. This can be further reduced by working with specialized service providers who can implement IT disaster recovery at a fraction of the cost of doing it in-house. In fact, 30% of the survey respondents have indicated that they plan to outsource the enhancement of IT DR plans to specialist external service providers.

Lack of a robust business continuity plan can result in financial loss that may have a negative impact on bottom line profits of an organization. 30% of the respondents who have indicated the financial impact of disruptions as per their Business Impact Analysis (BIA) estimate that a two-day disruption could set the organization back by US$3 million and more.

66% of the respondents reported at least one significant business disruption in the last year and the top three causes for disruptions in the Middle East have been identified as applications and network infrastructure failure, power outage and human error. Businesses today are vulnerable to diverse natural or man-made disasters such as fire, earthquakes, cyclones, cyber threats, as well as network and power failures. Implementation of robust BCM planning can help enterprises effectively respond to challenges without defaulting on commitments towards retaining the trust, faith and confidence of key customers and stakeholders.

eHDF had released the first such survey in 2009, seeking to analyze DR and BCM trends and raise BCM awareness for organizations in the Middle East.


You’re flipping through the channels on your car radio and you hear the tail end of story about something called MERS.  You think you’ve heard the phrase before – it’s got something to do with the Middle East, right?  You’re correct – but there is more you need to know.

Setting the Stage

So, let’s talk about MERS – what it stands for, what kind of disease it is, what we know about the disease, what we still have to learn, and what we recommend at this time to protect yourself.

MERS stands for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).  It is a viral respiratory illness that was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012. It is caused by a coronavirus, a common type of virus infecting humans and animals, known as MERS-CoV (the long version is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Conornavirus).

Since April 2012, there have been over 500 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS reported to the World Health Organization (WHO).  Countries are reporting their cases and case information (like age and sex) to WHO, and you can find the latest case count hereExternal Web Site Icon.  All of the cases thus far have been linked to seven countries in the Arabian Peninsula (Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen).  This means that either the patient got sick and tested positive in one of those countries, or lives in or visited one of those countries, got sick, and tested positive elsewhere.

Countries With Lab-Confirmed MERS Cases

Countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula with cases:

  • Saudi Arabia
  • United Arab Emirates (UAE)
  • Qatar
  • Oman
  • Jordan
  • Kuwait
  • Yemen
  • Lebanon

Countries with travel-associated cases:

  • United Kingdom
  • France
  • Tunisia
  • Italy
  • Malaysia
  • Turkey
  • Greece
  • Egypt
  • United States of America
  • Netherlands

Currently, we know this virus has spread from ill people to others through close contact, such as caring for or living with an infected person. However, there is no evidence of sustained person-to-person spreading in a community setting. Most people who have been confirmed as having MER-CoV infection have showed signs of severe respiratory illnesses, including fever, cough, and shortness of breath.  More than 30% of those who have been infected have died. 

At this time, we are unsure of the source or host that MERS-CoV comes from. It’s likely an animal host, and while MERS-CoV has been found in camels in Qatar, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, it has also been found in a bat in Saudi Arabia. Camels in a few other countries have also tested positive for antibodies to MERS-CoV, meaning that they were previously infected with MERS-CoV or a closely related virus. When we and others look at the virus in the lab, the virus infecting humans has similarities to the virus infecting camels.

What’s Happening in the United States

On May 2nd, CDC announced the first imported case of MERS in the US, a health care worker who also traveled from Saudi Arabia to Indiana.  CDC sent a team of experts to Indiana to help assist with the investigation.  The patient from Indiana has since recovered and was released from the hospital. On May 12, CDC confirmed the second imported case of MERS in the U.S. – a health care worker who lives in and traveled from Saudi Arabia to Florida.  CDC and the Florida Department of Health are currently working on a contract tracking – in which we work with the airlines to identify and notify the people who were on the planes that the patient traveled on (the patient traveled from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia to London, England to Boston, Massachusetts to Atlanta, Georgia to Orlando, Florida). 

These two cases represent very low risk to the general public.  You can always help protect yourself by washing your hands often, avoiding close contact with people who are sick, avoiding touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands, and disinfecting frequently touched surfaces.  

At this time, we don’t recommend that you change your travel plans to the Arabian Peninsula.  However, if you are traveling to countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula, we recommend you pay attention to your health during and after your trip. Call a doctor right away if you develop fever and symptoms of respiratory illness and let your doctor know of your recent travel.

CDC continues to closely monitor the MERS situation globally and work with partners to better understand the risks of this virus, including the source, how it spreads, and how infections might be prevented. CDC recognizes the potential for MERS-CoV to spread further and cause more cases globally and in the U.S.  

For the latest information from CDC on MERS, visit the MERS website.

Computerworld - The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) continues to warn the public not to rely on text messages to reach 911 in emergencies because the technology is only available to 59 of the more than 6,000 emergency communications centers nationwide.

On its official website, the FCC notes that "the ability to contact 911 using text is only available on a limited basis in a few markets. For this reason, you should not rely on text to reach 911."

The agency instead urges calling 911 in an emergency, "even where text-to-911 is available."



Monday, 19 May 2014 15:19

Weekly Disaster Update

Fires in Southern California:

In response to the multiple fires in San Diego County, American Red Cross disaster workers are continuing shelter operations at Mission Hills High School as a shelter site (1 Mission Hills Ct., San Marcos 92069). The Temporary Evacuation Point at Escondido High School (1535 N Broadway, Escondido, CA 92026) is now being transitioned into a shelter. The shelter at La Costa Canyon High School located at 1 Maverick Way in Carlsbad also remains open. All shelters will remain open until there is no longer a need.

Since Tuesday, May 13, the Red Cross has provided approximately:
- 3,400 meals
- More 2,000 snacks
- More than 275 overnight shelter stays, and expected to increase this evening
- More than a dozen canteen operations, supporting various Temporary
Evacuation Points, as well as providing snacks and hydration to first responders
at several Incident Command Posts.

For more information about this incident please visit the San Diego/Imperial Counties Chapter’s Website

Friday, 16 May 2014 16:58

One Word Too Many

A short article here: http://www.continuitycentral.com/news07205.html reports on a recent conference in the UK, where ‘Cyber Security is being superseded by Cyber Resilience’.  I think that a little care and sense is required here, mainly to avoid adding another sub-discipline and piece of jargon to an already crowded world of (deliberately?) confusing terminology.

My reading of the sense of the article is that it makes sense in terms of what is necessary.  Purely protective security – putting up barriers to stop an attack impacting on an organisation – is not enough.  However, that is not just true for cyber risks.



OAKLAND, Calif. — The U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has authorized the use of federal funds to assist the state of California combat the Cocos Fire burning in San Diego County, in the San Marcos community.

On May 14, 2014, the State of California submitted a request for a fire management assistance declaration for the Cocos Fire.  The authorization makes FEMA funding available to reimburse up to 75 percent of the eligible firefighting costs under an approved grant for managing, mitigating and controlling the fire.

At the time of the request, the fire was threatening 1,500 homes in and around the community of San Marcos with a population of 86,752.  Mandatory evacuations due to the Cocos fire are in effect for approximately 6,000 people. The fire started on May 14, 2014 and has burned in excess of 200 acres of state and private land.

The President’s Disaster Relief Fund provides funding for federal fire management grants made available by FEMA to assist in fighting fires that threaten to cause a major disaster. Eligible costs covered by the grant can include expenses for field camps; equipment use, repair and replacement; tools, materials and supplies; and mobilization and demobilization activities.

FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

If you have implemented or used either application wrapping or containerization technologies, please COMPLETE THIS SURVEY.

Application wrapping versus containerization: Which technology provides better security to an enterprise mobile deployment? What are the use cases for each technology, and which technology has a longer shelf life when it comes to being the de facto standard for enterprise mobile security? Are there times when containerization provides a better user experience than application wrapping? And more simply speaking . . . what the heck is the difference between these two technologies, and which one should you purchase?



Friday, 16 May 2014 16:55

California Wildfire Risk

Images of wildfires burning in suburban neighborhoods in Southern California are a reminder of the risk faced by many homeowners.

Nearly 2 million, or 14.5 percent, of the 13.7 million homes in California face severe wildfire risk, according to the most recent FireLine State Risk Report by Verisk Underwriting Solutions.

Some 417,500 of these high-risk homes are located in Los Angeles County, while 239,400 are located in San Diego County.

Check out this snapshot from the Verisk report illustrating California’s wildfire risk:



Thursday, 15 May 2014 16:29

Taking control of your cloud

Organizations need to know where their cloud services are hosted for disaster recovery and data protection purposes.


Cloud computing services are increasingly being adopted as a mainstream IT strategy and many industry analysts are saying that cloud will become a major platform for growth for organizations; and especially for mid-market businesses. This is because, previously, if an organization wanted to get a new idea off the ground, they would often have had to make a significant upfront investment in IT before they even knew if their business idea was going to work. The cloud, however, levels the playing field.

When done right, cloud takes away barriers to entry and makes technology available to all organizations regardless of size. From day one, a business can ramp up very quickly and easily without having to make serious upfront capital investment. The move to the cloud is seamless. Costs are predicable. There are no big step changes or spikes in costs for maintenance or renewal requirements. Remote working and disaster recovery can also be built in.

However, because of this rapid growth and evolution, it could be argued that the definition of cloud has become somewhat unclear. Today, the term is used for everything from physical hosting ‘elsewhere,’ to Gmail, to almost anything imaginable in between. It seems that the meaning of cloud is different to different organizations depending on how cloud services are being used.



Thursday, 15 May 2014 16:27

Back to basics…

Security breaches are on the rise. Yet as security experts face ever more complex and challenging threats, is there a risk some of the basic components of IT security are being overlooked?


Security breaches are on the rise. Indeed, Experian's 2014 Data Breach Industry Forecast (1) predicts that new security threats and transparency regulations will make 2014 a ‘critical year’ for data breaches and warns that organizations need to be better prepared. So what’s going wrong?
IT security is certainly a tough job. From the relentless introduction of new threats, to the escalating impact of any breach in a 24x7, joined-up economy, those tasked with protecting business-critical data have the challenge of juggling routine, day to day protection requirements with the need to prevent ever more innovative hacking attempts.

Sadly, however, recent high profile breaches would suggest that the routine, tried, trusted and proven security activity is being overlooked.



If you’ve been following the news of any kind recently, you may well have seen articles about Heartbleed. This is the vulnerability in the OpenSSL network protocol that theoretically allowed hackers to invisibly copy sensitive data from a web server. A sign of the times, Heartbleed even made front page news in the tabloid press in the UK, an extraordinary feat for such a technical subject. Soon after the threat was discovered, a new version of OpenSSL was made available so that servers could be updated and protected once again. But there are business continuity lessons to be learned.



OAKLAND, Calif. — The U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has authorized the use of federal funds to assist the state of California combat the Poinsettia Fire currently burning in Carlsbad, Calif.

On May 14, 2014, the State of California submitted a request for a fire management assistance declaration for the Poinsettia Fire.  The authorization makes FEMA funding available to reimburse up to 75 percent of the eligible firefighting costs under an approved grant for managing, mitigating and controlling the fire.

At the time of the request, the fire was threatening 2,500 homes in and around the community of Carlsbad, Calif., with a combined population of 105,000. All of the threatened homes are primary residences; none are secondary residences. Mandatory and voluntary evacuations are taking place for approximately 15,000 people.  The fire started on May 14, 2014 and has burned in excess of 100 acres of State and private land. There are 5 other large fires burning uncontrolled within the State. 

The President’s Disaster Relief Fund provides funding for federal fire management grants made available by FEMA to assist in fighting fires that threaten to cause a major disaster. Eligible costs covered by the grant can include expenses for field camps; equipment use, repair and replacement; tools, materials and supplies; and mobilization and demobilization activities.

FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

Integration remains a major concern for those hesitant to adopt SaaS, but a recent vendor survey shows a new top barrier: data privacy.

SnapLogic, which provides a cloud-based integration solution, engaged in a joint survey with TechValidate, a third-party research organization. We’ve seen a lot of vendor surveys on cloud and SaaS recently, but what sets this apart is that it targeted 100 U.S. companies with revenues exceeding $500 million.

Seventy-two percent of the organizations responding said they already have an active cloud application or data integration project. So, for the majority, SaaS is already in play as a viable option.



PEARL, Miss. – In the aftermath of a disaster, misconceptions about disaster assistance can often prevent survivors from applying for help from the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the U.S. Small Business Administration. A good rule of thumb: register, even if you’re unsure whether you’ll be eligible for assistance.

Registering with FEMA is simple. You can apply online at DisasterAssistance.gov or with a smartphone or tablet by downloading the FEMA app or by visiting m.fema.gov. You can also register over the phone by calling FEMA’s helpline, 800-621-FEMA (3362). Survivors who are deaf or hard of hearing and use a TTY can call 800-462-7585. The toll-free telephone numbers operate from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. (local time) seven days a week until further notice.

Clarification on some common misunderstandings:

  • MYTH: FEMA assistance could affect my Social Security benefits, taxes, food stamps or Medicaid.
    FACT: FEMA assistance does not affect benefits from other federal programs and is not considered taxable income.
  • MYTH: I have insurance. I don’t need to apply for federal disaster assistance.
    FACT: You should register for federal disaster assistance even if you have insurance. While FEMA cannot duplicate insurance payments, under-insured applicants may receive help after their insurance claims have been settled.
  • MYTH: I've already cleaned up the damage to my home and had the repairs made. Isn’t it too late to register once the work is done?
    FACT: You may be eligible for reimbursement of your clean up and repair costs, even if repairs are complete.
  • MYTH: I didn’t apply for help because I don’t want a loan.

FACT: FEMA only provides grants that do not have to be paid back. The grants may cover expenses for temporary housing, home repairs, replacement of damaged personal property and other disaster-related needs such as medical, dental or transportation costs not covered by insurance or other programs.

The U.S. Small Business Administration provides low-interest disaster loans to renters, homeowners and businesses of all sizes. Some applicants may be contacted by SBA after registering with FEMA. You are not obligated to take out a loan, but you need to complete the application to continue the federal disaster assistance process. By completing the application, you may become eligible for additional grant assistance from FEMA.

You can apply with SBA online using the Electronic Loan Application (ELA) via SBA's secure website at https://disasterloan.sba.gov/ela. For more information on SBA’s Disaster Loan Program, visit SBA.gov/Disaster, call the SBA Customer Service Center at 800-659-2955 (TTY 800-877-8339 for the deaf and hard-of-hearing) or send an email to DisasterCustomerService@sba.gov.

  • MYTH: I don’t want to apply for help because others had more damage; they need the help more than I do.
    FACT: FEMA has enough funding to assist all eligible survivors with their disaster-related needs. 
  • MYTH: I'm a renter. I thought FEMA assistance was only for homeowners for home repairs.
    FACT: FEMA assistance is not just for homeowners. FEMA may provide assistance to help renters who lost personal property or who were displaced.
  • MYTH: Registration involves a lot of red tape and paperwork. I don’t have time to register.
    FACT: There is no paperwork to register with FEMA. The process is very easy and normally takes between 15 and 20 minutes.
  • MYTH: Since I received disaster assistance last year, I’m sure I can’t get it again this year.
    FACT: Assistance may be available if you suffered damage from a new federally-declared disaster.
  • MYTH: My income is probably too high for me to qualify for FEMA disaster assistance.
    FACT: Income is not a consideration for FEMA grant assistance. However you will be asked financial questions during registration to help determine eligibility for SBA low-interest disaster loans.

For more information on Mississippi disaster recovery, click fema.gov/disaster/4175. Visit the MEMA site at msema.org or on Facebook at facebook.com/msemaorg.

FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

Disaster recovery assistance is available without regard to race, color, religion, nationality, sex, age, disability, English proficiency or economic status. If you or someone you know has been discriminated against, call FEMA toll-free at 800-621-FEMA (3362). For TTY call 800-462-7585.

FEMA’s temporary housing assistance and grants for public transportation expenses, medical and dental expenses, and funeral and burial expenses do not require individuals to apply for an SBA loan. However, applicants who receive SBA loan applications must submit them to SBA loan officers to be eligible for assistance that covers personal property, vehicle repair or replacement, and moving and storage expenses.

If you ask IT executives about shifting the entire data infrastructure to the cloud, the most common reaction is something like: “Possible in theory, but not practical in real-world environments.”

But that perspective may be changing.

According to Network World, AMAG Pharmaceuticals, a Massachusetts firm that reported $81 million in revenues last year, has moved to a data center-free footprint by shifting its entire data environment to the cloud and BYOD. CIO Nathan McBride says this has halved his annual data center budget to about $1.4 million and reduced the IT staff to four: himself, a project manager, a Scrum/PMP developer and a “data center master.” At the same time, he says the company has been able to successfully replicate the five key pillars of IT in the cloud: backup, email, file servers, security and service.



Thursday, 15 May 2014 15:52

An Unpredictable Spring


Be Prepared Header

“In the spring I have counted one hundred and thirty-six kinds of weather inside of four and twenty hours.” – Mark Twain

While spring officially sprung in late March, it’s only been in the last few weeks that we’ve seen the characteristically unpredictable weather that ushers in the fun-in-the-sun summer. During spring, temperatures can swing back and forth between balmy (high 80s in Georgia this week) and frigid (in the 40s in Wyoming). Sunny days may be followed by a week of stormy weather; sometimes extreme weather changes can occur even within the same day.

Below are the most common types of severe spring weather:

Be Ready for Tornadoes Infographic

  • Thunderstorms cause most of the severe spring weather. They can bring lightning, tornadoes and flooding. Whenever warm, moist air collides with cool, dry air, thunderstorms can occur. For much of the world, this happens in spring and summer.
  • Tornadoes, often called twisters, are rapidly rotating columns of air that are connected to both the ground and the cloud.  Tornado Alley – the Great Plains region of the United States – is most active this time of year.  Already in 2014, there have been more than 30 deathsExternal Web Site Icon due to tornadoes.
  • Flooding, which is most common in and near mountainous areas due to snow melt, is another condition of spring.  As are mudslides, like the one in Oso, Washington, in late March.  Mudslides happen when heavy rainfall, snowmelt, or high amounts of ground water cause soil to be uprooted.   
  • Wildfires are most common in the Western United States and wildfire season usually starts in May and runs through August.  According to the National Interagency Fire Center, this year’s wildfire season could be dangerousExternal Web Site Icon.

Because spring weather can be so unpredictable, you may be unprepared when severe weather hits—especially if you live in a region that does not often experience these types of events. And when severe weather hits unexpectedly, the risk of injury and death increases. So planning ahead makes sense; prepare for storms, floods, and tornadoes as if you know in advance they are coming, because in the spring, they very likely will.

Advance planning for thunderstorms, lightning, tornadoes and floods requires specific safety precautions. Still, you can follow many of the same steps for all extreme weather events. You should have on hand:

  • A battery-operated flashlight, a battery-operated NOAA Weather Radio, and extra batteries for both
  • An emergency evacuation plan, including a map of your home and, for every type of severe weather emergency, routes to safety from each room
  • A list of important personal information, including
    • telephone numbers of neighbors, family and friends
    • insurance and property information
    • telephone numbers of utility companies
    • medical information
  • A first aid kit may include:
    • non-latex gloves
    • assortment of adhesive bandages
    • antibiotic ointment
    • sterile gauze pads in assorted sizes
    • absorbent compress dressings
    • tweezers
    • scissors
    • adhesive cloth tape
    • aspirin packets (81 mg each)
    • First aid instruction booklet
  • A 3–5 day supply of bottled water and nonperishable food
  • Personal hygiene items
  • Blankets or sleeping bags
  • An emergency kit in your car

Remember to help prepare your family members and neighbors for the possibility of severe weather too. Tell them where they can find appropriate shelter as soon as they are aware of an approaching storm. Make sure to run through your emergency plans for every type of severe weather. Show family members where emergency supplies are stored, and make sure they know how to turn off the water, gas, and electricity in your home.

Unfortunately, few of us get much advance notice of a severe weather event. Often times when we become aware of an approaching storm, we have little time to prepare for it.  But, we know what season it is, and even if this spring doesn’t bring any severe weather to your area, being prepared can help you at any time of the year.

Are there any stories of your own spring preparedness that you want to share with us?

Wednesday, 14 May 2014 16:27

The World’s Most Resilient Cities

How do you invest, source and expand responsibly?

Picking the right place to do so may make or break your efforts. At least, that’s the theory of London-based property company Grosvenor. With that in mind, the company analyzed 160 data sets to assess the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of the world’s “50 most important cities” to determine which are the most resilient, with resilience defined as “the ability of cities to continue to function as centers of production, human habitation, and cultural development despite the challenges posed by climate change, population growth, declining resource supply, and other paradigm shifts.”



Traditional cyber security is now inadequate for today’s threat landscape and must be superseded by ‘cyber resilience’, demanding more vigorous action from company boardrooms.

This was the main message of a panel of industry experts at the international cyber summit hosted by IT Governance in London on 8th May.

The event, ‘New Standards in the Global Cyber War’ included speakers from the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, British Standards Institution (BSI), international professional organization ISACA, and AXELOS, a joint venture between the Cabinet Office and services group Capita plc that runs the Best Management Practice portfolio.



A recent survey among 250 UK CIOs and IT leaders has revealed that nearly half of respondents are plagued by regular IT performance and availability issues. 48 percent of respondents experience availability and outage issues at least once a week; and 21 percent of these experience downtime every day.

ControlCircle, UK provider of managed and cloud-based services, commissioned the ‘IT Growth and Transformation’ survey with Vanson Bourne, to explore IT budget alignment and how CIOs are managing IT as well as innovation.

Overall, smaller organizations (employing between 251-500 employees) report a higher level of service excellence across the board. Even in this group, only 46 percent claim excellence in quality of service, regardless of budget. Among larger enterprises, only 20 percent of respondents believed they were achieving ‘best effort’ in quality of service, regardless of cost control.



Rogue employees continue to be the biggest threat to information security, according to 37 percent of IT professionals polled at Infosecurity Europe 2014. The poll conducted by BSI, the business standards company, investigated perceived threats to information security and how businesses are responding.

The poll found that despite taking measures to combat the risks, 37 percent of businesses still see employees as biggest threat to information security, ranking the insider threat, higher than cyber-attacks (19 percent) and bring your own device (BYOD) (15 percent).

In order to reduce the risk to their business, over half (52 percent) have implemented an internal information security policy, 47 percent have provided staff training and 63 percent are either certified (29 percent) or operating in compliance (34 percent) with ISO 27001, the international Information Security Management System Standard. A further 23 percent indicated they were looking to certify in the immediate future.

However, confidence in security measures to protect against risks is relatively low with under half (46 percent) stating they are confident in the measures their firm has taken. One in ten are not confident at all, yet unsurprisingly in organizations that are certified to ISO 27001 the levels of confidence in security measures rise to 78 percent.

“It’s no surprise to see insider threats as the biggest risk to information security as employees will always be the one thing that cannot be controlled,” said Suzanne Fribbins, Risk Management Expert at BSI. “Employees don't necessarily have to be malicious to put a company at risk; they may just not understand the possible risks associated with their actions. Research has shown that effective staff training can halve the number of insider breaches, by ensuring employees understand the importance of information security and their role in protecting businesses critical information.”

Commitment from senior management is essential if an organization is to manage information security effectively. Encouragingly, 73 percent of respondents believe senior management is dedicated to information security. But 54 percent do not feel the necessary resources are allocated to it, despite this being one of the key ways in which top management can demonstrate its commitment to protecting the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information.

The poll also found that over three quarters (77 percent) of organizations are increasingly being asked for ISO 27001 as a customer requirement when bidding for new business.


Computerworld — When the White House issued its big-data privacy report on May 1, it recommended the passage of federal breach legislation "to replace a confusing patchwork of state standards." Although that may have sounded like good news to the development community -- the folk who generally bear the brunt of complying with such security requirements -- it's only a step in the right direction if your goal is falling off of a cliff.

Having one federal standard rather than a large number of state standards is an unquestionably good thing. I'm not arguing against that. But the exceptions spelled out in the report and one rather obvious omission make the whole effort rather pointless. (Let's leave aside the question of whether putting any nuanced business problem in the hands of Congress and expecting them to figure out a realistic solution is akin to administering an astrophysics final to your pet rock. No need to belabor the obvious.)

Let's start with what the report recommends. In discussing big data, it makes a reasonable point: "Amalgamating so much information about consumers makes data breaches more con-sequential, highlighting the need for federal data breach legislation to replace a confusing patchwork of state standards. The sheer number of participants in this new, inter-connected ecosystem of data collection, storage, aggregation, transfer, and sale can disadvantage consumers."



Computerworld — In an Internet of Things (IoT) world, smart buildings with web-enabled technologies for managing heat, lighting, ventilation, elevators and other systems pose a more immediate security risk for enterprises than consumer technologies.

The increasing focus on making buildings more energy efficient, secure and responsive to changing conditions is resulting in a plethora of web-enabled technologies. Building management systems are not only more tightly integrated with each other, they are also integrated with systems outside the building, like the smart grid.

The threat that such systems pose is two-fold, analysts said. Many of the web-enabled intelligent devices embedded in modern buildings have little security built into them, making them vulnerable to attacks that could disrupt building operations and pose safety risks.



The purpose of an Incident Readiness Program is to enhance the ability to respond effectively to any business disruption and restore those assets (Business Processes, facilities, technology, suppliers and people) that are critical to the delivery of that organization’s Products & Services.

The Planning Phase of the program enables the organization to identify the critical assets at risk, prioritize the resumption of business processes, map dependencies necessary for effective response & recovery, and develop actionable plans. Testing and exercises should be designed to find the gaps in recovering those critical assets – both strategic and operational. The Incident Management component of the program establishes the organizational structures and tools for command, control and communication during a disruptive incident.



LINCROFT, N.J. -- As Deputy Coordinator of the Oceanport, N.J. Office of Emergency Management, Chris Baggot has weathered a lot of storms.

But nothing so profoundly altered the landscape of his community like Hurricane Sandy.

The 3.7 square mile town on the Shrewsbury River was devastated by the storm. Five hundred of the 2000 homes in this close-knit community were substantially damaged or destroyed. Oceanport also lost its police station, its borough hall, its ambulance squad building, its library and its courthouse.

Some 18 months after the Oct. 29, 2012 hurricane, 71 families were still unable to return home.

The Baggot family is among them. The Baggots have been renting a one-bedroom apartment in the nearby community of Eatontown while they await the demolition and reconstruction of their home on Blackberry Bay.

While they were approved for an RREM grant of $150,000 to underwrite the rebuilding, a rough winter delayed the start of construction on their replacement home. Once the weather improves and contractors break ground, it will be another six to nine months before Chris, his wife, Wendy, and college-age son, Zachary, will be able to enjoy life in Oceanport once again.

“I’m a Sandy survivor. We don’t use the word ‘victim,’’’ he says.

He carries A picture of Chris BaggottChris Baggot: From Sandy Survivor to Sandy Recovery Coordinatorthat perspective into his role at the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s New Jersey Sandy Recovery Office, where he recently became a CORE employee after joining FEMA as a Local Hire in December of 2012.

It was his second time assisting his fellow New Jerseyans as a FEMA employee:  Baggot was also recruited as a Local Hire in the aftermath of Hurricane Irene in 2011.

Hired initially as a project specialist for Public Assistance, Baggot moved on to become a Cost Estimating Format reviewer, Quality Assurance lead, Operations task force lead and finally, CORE Operations Task Force Lead.

In that capacity, he explains, “I oversee the life cycle of a Public Assistance project from the writing stage all the way through to obligation.”

Baggot’s personal experience with the devastating effects of Hurricane Sandy has underlined his understanding of the importance of the FEMA mission in helping communities rebuild and become more resilient.

“It sure is nice when people say to you, ‘Look, we need this; we need that,’ and you can give it to them in a reasonable way,” says Baggot, “and it’s nice when you can manage expectations when people ask for the moon and stars. That’s not really what we’re there to provide. We’re there to get them back to pre-disaster conditions.”

He has plenty of praise for his colleagues at FEMA, who came here in the immediate aftermath of the storm to help the hard-hit residents of New Jersey get back on their feet.

“The FEMA people that I’ve had the opportunity to work with have really been great.” He’s also enjoyed observing their surprise at how different New Jersey is from its “What exit?” stereotype.

“They talk about how beautiful it is – they thought it was all blacktop,” Baggot says with a laugh.


FEMA's mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

Follow FEMA online at www.fema.gov/blog, www.twitter.com/fema, www.facebook.com/fema, and www.youtube.com/fema. Also, follow Administrator Craig Fugate's activities at www.twitter.com/craigatfema.

Fast Rollout of Digital Lifestyle Services in the Tera Era with Allot Service Gateway Tera

WOKING, Surrey – Wick Hill is now shipping Allot Service Gateway Tera, a high-performance DPI-based platform built to power the deployment of Digital Lifestyle Services in fixed and mobile data networks on the path to software-defined networking (SDN) and cloud-based network services (NFV).

Ed Kidson, product sales manager at Wick Hill, commented: “This is an exciting opportunity for the channel to deliver a smooth migration path towards SDN and virtualisation, at the same time as minimising capital investment.” 

Allot Service Gateway Tera has already received multimillion dollar orders from four different mobile and fixed line operators worldwide, including a $4M deal announced earlier this year and a $5M dollar deal announced earlier this month.

Allot Service Gateway Tera provides a unified framework for both physical and virtual service deployment across any access network, serving as a single point of integration for network- and cloud-based services. The new offering includes real-time traffic management, video optimization, policy enforcement, application-based charging, and security services such as Parental Control and Anti-DDoS. 

Allot Service Gateway Tera supports Service Chaining to value-added services, with high-density 100GE and 10GE connectivity. The platform is built to manage 15 million active subscribers and provides up to 2Tbps in a Tera-cluster.

Allot Service Gateway Tera also supports breakthrough network analytics, allowing operators to collect a variety of data sets from their networks and analyze them according to application, subscriber, device, topology and context. It works with Allot ClearSee Analytics solution to turn big data into valuable business insights needed to drive service profitability and customer satisfaction.

About Wick Hill

Established in 1976, value added distributor Wick Hill specialises in secure IP infrastructure solutions. The company sources and delivers best-of-breed, easy-to-use solutions through its channel partners, with a portfolio that covers security, performance, access, networking, convergence, storage and hosted solutions.

Wick Hill is part of the Wick Hill Group, based in Woking, Surrey with sister offices in Hamburg. Wick Hill is particularly focused on providing a wide range of value added support for its channel partners. This includes a strong lead generation and conversion programme, technical and consultancy support for reseller partners in every stage of the sales process, and extensive training facilities. For more information about Wick Hill, please visit http://www.wickhill.com/company/company-profile or www.twitter.com/wickhill

About Allot Communications

Allot Communications Ltd. (NASDAQ, TASE: ALLT) is a leading global provider of intelligent broadband solutions that put mobile, fixed and enterprise networks at the center of the digital lifestyle and workstyle. Allot’s DPI-based solutions identify and leverage the business intelligence in data networks, empowering operators to analyze, protect, improve and enrich the digital lifestyle services they deliver. Allot’s unique blend of innovative technology, proven know-how and collaborative approach to industry standards and partnerships enables network operators worldwide to elevate their role in the digital lifestyle ecosystem and to open the door to a wealth of new business opportunities. For more information, please visit www.allot.com.  

Forward Looking Statement

This release may contain forward-looking statements, which express the current beliefs and expectations of Company management. Such statements involve a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause our future results, performance or achievements to differ significantly from the results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include risks relating to: our ability to compete successfully with other companies offering competing technologies; the loss of one or more significant customers; consolidation of, and strategic alliances by, our competitors, government regulation; lower demand for key value-added services; our ability to keep pace with advances in technology and to add new features and value-added services; managing lengthy sales cycles; operational risks associated with large projects; our dependence on third party channel partners for a material portion of our revenues; and other factors discussed under the heading "Risk Factors" in the Company's annual report on Form 20-F filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Forward-looking statements in this release are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are made only as of the date hereof, and the company undertakes no obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Trademark Notice

Allot Communications, Allot Service Gateway Tera and Allot ClearSee Analytics are trademarks of Allot Communications. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Tuesday, 13 May 2014 14:57

Improving Compliance with Data Science

The days when organizations talked about data in terms of megabytes and gigabytes are long gone. Today, they talk about data in terms of petabytes and zettabytes — big data with massive potential, if they know what to do with it.

Increased access to powerful analytics, combined with the maturing capabilities of open architecture, cloud computing and predictive analytics are helping more organizations get better with data. Yet, in many cases, organizations are moving too slowly to keep up, and they may not be considering all of the risks.



CIO — Organizations are increasingly focusing on building enterprise data applications on top of their Hadoop and NoSQL infrastructure. But even as that's happening, Hadoop itself is becoming much more diverse and complex. That's a potential headache for developers seeking to build applications on top of that data infrastructure, but data application platform specialist Concurrent, primary sponsor of the open source Cascading application framework, sees it as an opportunity.

While Apache Hadoop began as a combination of Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) for file storage and MapReduce for compute, there are now a growing number of options for compute in Hadoop, including Apache Tez (a framework for near real-time big data processing), and the soon-to-be-released Apache Spark (a framework for in-memory cluster computing) and Apache Storm (a distributed computation framework for stream processing). Hadoop distribution vendor MapR even offers an alternative to HDFS in its distribution.



As organisations evolve, they need to re-evaluate their degree of preparedness in the different business continuity management disciplines. In the networked partner model that has become common today, risk management, governance over recovery, crisis communications and talent management all need updating, compared how things used to be in the vertically integrated enterprise. Changes made in the way an organisation approaches these items then need to be mapped into the appropriate BCM documents. But is this as simple as it sounds?



In this age of data and science, it’s easy to underestimate the role of storytelling in human history. But the importance of storytelling is demonstrated by science, according to Louis Cozolino, a psychologist and professor of psychology at Pepperdine University.

In his book, “The Social Neuroscience of Education,” Cozolino says we’ve evolved to remember and tell stories as a way of retaining important information about our community, our world and ourselves.

In fact, a well-told story creates a “nexus of neural network integration” in all parts of the brain, Cozolino states.



Tuesday, 13 May 2014 14:51

How the RIMS Risk Maturity Model Works

Hack Wilson was an MLB star in the 1920’s, but he had a drinking problem. Realizing his potential, Hack’s manager pulled him into the dugout and said, “If I drop a worm into a glass of water, it swims around fine. If I drop it into a glass of whiskey, it immediately dies. What does this prove?”

Hack responded, “If you drink whiskey, you’ll never get worms.”

Hack’s observation, while misguided, provides a lesson in the difficulty of training and educating employees. Over the next several weeks, I hope to provide a step by step walk through of the RIMS Risk Maturity Model (RMM) for enterprise risk management (ERM), and while doing so provide a framework that can be used to educate, implement, and enhance the ERM program at your own organization.



Looking back at the 20th Century, the way that the World conducted its ‘business’ and managed its affairs seems far removed from what we have become in the 21st Century. The momentous political and social effects of two global conflicts (with clashes of ideology and encompassing acts of incredible inhumanity) and the alignments of nations, politics, economies and business endured for a significant time.  Only as the last century drew to a close did change on a significant scale become apparent, driven by exposures of the weaknesses of both capitalism and socialism. The growing awareness and dialogue of populations through technology and the media about the state of the World and what they could to influence it began to influence behaviours at a higher level.  However, even as we thought that a shift in attitudes was happening the ‘old’ ways of national self interest and competition continued unabated through so-called periods of change such as the 1960s.  Even the end of the Cold War only realigned the World to some degree, and despite the changes in international trade, commerce and private rather than state-driven enterprise, old mistrusts remain.   While the empires of the future have yet to fully show their hands, they will be compelled to emerge from a rigid, two-sided and confrontational past to direct and manage the diverse, mobile, connected and aware populations that either they serve, or that serves them.  Of course, recent events have highlighted some regressional thought and attitudes that reach far back into history.



Tuesday, 13 May 2014 13:45

Executives and Risk: A Cautionary Tale

It’s been hard to determine a point of entry on the next book I’m writing.  What I thought initially would be a grand compendium of operational risk scenarios,  a reference manual of sorts for CEOs, has morphed into something more selective: identifying perhaps a dozen of the most costly forms of financial loss that are a direct function a failure to take steps that could mitigate, transfer, or otherwise manage risk.  From this book, CEOs and boards of directors will be able to identify proposals or programs with a high level of risk and determine cosciously at what level they should be involved.

I’ve been somewhat encouraged by reading lately of relevant neuroimaging studies which purport to explain how “the executive brain” works, [1] especially how it works under pressure, making decisions.  In one study by Bain, of 1,001 managers in global companies, [2] only 77% of those surveyed felt their company “chooses the right course of action;” only 68% felt their firm’s speed of decisions matched that of their competitors; and only 76% felt that their firm “executes decisions as intended.” In another study referenced by Blackman, he quotes the director of the research organization called NeuroLeadership Institute, David Rock, who says that “people who are good at strategy are better at sensing or feeling their way through strategies, rather than relying only on logic and being rational.”



Now that computers and the Internet are a regular part of our daily lives, the digital world increasingly contains potential evidence for all types of activity ranging from individual criminal actions to activity that may be relevant to a business litigation or investigation. Forensic investigations seek to uncover this evidence and then perform analysis in order to gain a full understanding of an end user’s activity on a given computing device. In recent years, traditional computer forensics, or “dead-box analysis,” has begun transitioning into “live-box analysis,” meaning more analyses are performed on volatile systems, such as live computer work stations and mobile devices like laptops, tablets and smartphones. Given the growing use of these mobile technologies for professional purposes, understanding the nuances of preserving, extracting and analyzing electronically stored information (ESI) from them is paramount to the success of any such investigation. Additionally, the policies established by the organization and its legal team to protect that data will be critical in defending this recovery moving forward.



On May 5, 2014, Target Corporation Chief Executive Officer Gregg Steinhafel resigned after having been with the company for 35 years, another casualty of the massive data breach that continues to damage the nation’s third-largest retailer. The data breach already claimed the job of Target Chief Information Officer Beth Jacob, who resigned shortly after the breach had been discovered and disclosed. But both of these high-profile resignations pale in comparison to the impact on Target itself, its business, its profits and its future.

The data breach occurred around November 12, 2013, at which time hackers began to access more than 40 million credit card numbers and 70 million addresses, phone numbers and other personal information. From that time through February 1, 2014, Target spent a whopping $61 million responding to the breach. This total does not include the costs (and potential liability) incurred in the more than 90 lawsuits filed against Target by their customers and banks, and it does not account for the fact that Target’s holiday sales fell by more 46 percent from the same quarter in the previous year due to shaken consumer confidence. Also, the $61 million does not capture the spectacle of Target Chief Financial Officer John Mulligan appearing before the Senate and testifying that Target was “deeply sorry” but that it failed to have responded to multiple intrusion warnings from its software prior to the breach.



Failed mergers and acquisitions can be a real business continuity threat; however better management of M&A information risks can reduce the possibility of things going wrong.

By Charlotte Marshall

We are all creatures of routine and habit; we seek certainty and comfort in the familiar, especially when it comes to work, so the prospect of a company being completely overhauled is a daunting experience for many employees. But that is what happens when one firm acquires another; suddenly, for the acquired firm, everything is changing and fears begin to arise about job security, additional or reduced responsibilities, new relationships between the two firms and different ways of working.

Yet company mergers and acquisitions are a fact of business life as firms seek to grow, expand their portfolio or enter new markets. Over a third of office workers (37 percent) in Europe have been through a company merger or acquisition [1]; and with the European economy recovering, M&A activity is expected to increase significantly this year.



There is an interesting article in the latest edition of ‘The Economist’, discussing ‘The Decline of Deterrence’; the contention being that the US’s recent approach to the World and its issues is allowing different and opposing forces to come into play and influence the future.

In terms of the shape of global activity; we are currently in something of a “power hiatus”; with a continuing realignment of focus towards China (at the moment) and perhaps away from what we may consider to be the traditional US dominance of World politics. If we consider the global activity of the US and its change in recent years, there has been a significant change from the “global policing” approach to a more circumspect and perhaps hesitant approach to involvement in the activities of other nations.

And as ‘The Economist’ says: it is perhaps worth questioning the issues related to this-what fills the gap when there is a hiatus such as this? From my point of view, in the Organisational Resilience context, where will this have an effect upon organisational and business capabilities in the short and longer term?



By Deborah Ritchie

A groundbreaking report on antimicrobial and antibiotic resistance reveals the severity of this -- now very much established -- public health risk. The World Health Organisation's report provides the most comprehensive picture of drug resistance to date, incorporating data from 114 countries. The results are cause for high concern, documenting resistance to antibiotics, especially “last resort” antibiotics, in all regions of the world.

“Without urgent, coordinated action by many stakeholders, the world is headed for a post-antibiotic era, in which common infections and minor injuries which have been treatable for decades can once again kill,” says Dr Keiji Fukuda, WHO’s assistant director-general for Health Security.

“Effective antibiotics have been one of the pillars allowing us to live longer, live healthier, and benefit from modern medicine. Unless we take significant actions to improve efforts to prevent infections and also change how we produce, prescribe and use antibiotics, the world will lose more and more of these global public health goods and the implications will be devastating.”



Open source applications and tools certainly are taking a beating lately. Heartbleed sent millions of people into a panic about changing passwords (and based on my Facebook feed and the online forums I follow, panic is the right word to describe it). Now the Covert Redirect bug, a security flaw affecting OAuth and OpenID has popped up.  Both of these are important elements of secure logins to many popular domains, ranging from Google to Facebook to Microsoft.

CSO Online quoted CloudLock's Kevin O’Brien on the issue:



Network World — It's been a month since the Heartbleed Bug set off a stampede to patch software in everything from network gear to security software as it quickly became evident that vulnerable versions of the OpenSSL encryption code had been very widely deployed.

Heartbleed, which would let a savvy attacker capture passwords or digital certificates, for example, came as a shock when the OpenSSL Group disclosed it on April 7 because it impacted an estimated 60% of servers worldwide ... and much more. But has it been the catastrophe that some feared?

So far, the consensus seems to be no, though some think pinning down Heartbleed-based break-ins is not easy. At best, Heartbleed has been a mammoth inconvenience everywhere as passwords and certificates were swapped out in what became a patching marathon around the globe.



Three recent studies provide a great reminder of the threats of data breach—and the role workers and IT departments play in either maintaining a company’s defense or letting malware storm the gates.

In its 2014 Data Breach Investigations Report, Verizon identified nine patterns that were responsible for 92% of the confirmed data breaches in 2013. These include: point of sale intrusions, web application attacks, insider misuse, physical theft/loss, miscellaneous errors, crimeware, card skimmers, denial of service attacks, and cyber-espionage. They have also identified the breakdown of these patterns in various industries, highlighting some of the greatest sources of cyber risk for your business:



A growing number of public companies with complacent SOX programs are facing restatement and penalties from improper disclosures, improper revenue recognition and improper expense recognition. A fear of non-compliance with SOX and COSO 2013 has increased the risk that companies will adopt narrowly focused programs that attempt to mitigate the immediate regulatory compliance risks while failing to address the true intent of these regulations. It is a classic case of complying with the “letter of the law” and not its intent. The solution is for internal audit to lead through risk management assurance.

SOX compliance is now a routine process for most companies. How can we then explain the rapidly growing number of restatements and recognition complaints when companies certify they are in compliance?

I agree with Norman Marks, who believes that “complacency and denial” is being perpetuated by routine and checklist-like reviews.  Norman recently wrote about his favorite role that internal audit (IA) plays in an organization.  He describes that role as a fighter against “complacency and denial” that can be perpetuated by routine and checklist-like COSO [and SOX] reviews where it easy to utter “we have completed our quarterly review of the top risks and believe they are effectively managed.” He compares this delusional form of risk management to an “ostrich sticking his head in the sand while the battle rages around him and saying I looked up an hour ago.” Read Norman’s Blog on CAE Risk Intelligence.



Regulatory and legislative change has assumed the prime position as the leading risk for Australian and New Zealand businesses in 2013/2014, followed by concern regarding deteriorating local economic conditions and the impact of people risk.

These are the major findings of Aon’s 12th annual Australasian Risk Survey, which provides a snapshot of the risk management practices of 380 businesses operating in 15 key industry sectors, including 23 of the ASX top 100 Australian companies.

According to the survey, the top ten risks to Australian and New Zealand businesses are:



The number seven crops up in many contexts: the Seven Wonders of the World, the seven dwarfs, and now the seven levels of cyber security. Let’s start with the different levels of threats posed by hackers. In order of increasing severity, we have: script kiddies (hacking for fun); the hacking group (often the first level of threat for SMBs); hacktivists (politically/socially motivated); black hat professionals (expert coders); organised cyber-criminals; nation states (NSA-style); and finally, the automated malicious attack tools that can infect huge numbers of organisations. With these seven levels of threats, what are the solutions?



Today we published a new Forrester Wave: Social Risk & Compliance (SRC) Solutions, Q2 2014. This report evaluates 10 vendors emerging to help organizations enable companywide use of social media while providing the necessary controls and oversight to mitigate associated risks and enforce compliance.

Why now

Use of social media today is rampant.

It’s no longer just your marketing team that uses social media for business purposes. Employees across the entire organization use social media for personal and professional reasons, leveraging social to drive real business for your company. The opportunities to enhance your brand, deepen customer relationships, and glean new customer insights are all too valuable to ignore -- but the risks are real too.



Thursday, 08 May 2014 16:06

What if...?

Keynote speaker and facilitator at this year’s BCI Executive Forum, Dr James Bellini sets the scene and identifies some of the major issues that will face business continuity professionals in the years ahead:

As a futurologist of many years’ standing I am regularly confronted with requests to ‘predict’ the outcome of some activity or development in the world of tomorrow. On occasion I’m even asked the name of the winner of an important upcoming horse race, or the score line of a major soccer match a few weeks hence. If only my crystal ball were that magical ... but it also reveals a basic misunderstanding of what futurology is all about.

I see my task as threefold: to apply a reality check on popular perceptions of the world around us, to create a framework for examining how ‘the future’ might unfold and to identify one or two possible future events or issues that would, if they actually occurred, pose very serious challenges for either business, government or the wider society – or all of these together.



Generally speaking, I think internal auditors do a good job of assessing risks and developing risk-based audit plans. But there is always a danger that unfamiliar risks may be overlooked or that rapidly emerging risks will render even the best-crafted audit plans obsolete. If you typically undertake risk assessments only once or twice a year, you may not have incorporated several risks that have suddenly burst onto the radar of management or the Board of your organization.

Here are some areas that should be in our risk crosshairs in 2014:



A new study, “The Valuation Implications of Enterprise Risk Management Maturity,” released by the Journal of Risk and Insurance, has found that organizations exhibiting mature risk management practices realize a value growth potential of up to 25%.

The survey is the first wholly independent research project that confirms the value connection of mature enterprise risk management practices in organizations. Using data from the RIMS Risk Maturity Model (RMM) gathered from 2006 to 2011, Mark Farrell, the paper’s author and the actuarial science and risk management program directorat Queens University Management School of Belfast (QUMS) and Dr. Ronan Gallagher of the University of Edinburgh Business School, provided evidence through this research that firms that have reached mature levels of enterprise risk management qualities exhibit a higher firm value. The broad data set encompassed publicly-traded organizations from a variety of industries. Nearly half the data tabulated by the researchers were submitted by RIMS members.



The Ponemon Institute has published its ninth annual Cost of Data Breach Study, which was sponsored by IBM.

According to the benchmark study of 314 companies spanning 10 countries, the average consolidated total cost of a data breach increased 15 percent in the last year to $3.5 million. The study also found that the cost incurred for each lost or stolen record containing sensitive and confidential information increased more than nine percent to a consolidated average of $145.

Interestingly, the research was able to provide quantified evidence for the advantages of linking information security management and business continuity management programs, finding that the involvement of business continuity management reduced the cost of a data breach by an average of almost $9 per record.



On May 5, 2014, Target announced the resignation of its CEO, Gregg Steinhafel, in large part because of the massive and embarrassing customer data breach that occurred just before the 2013 U.S. holiday season kicked into high gear. After a security breach or incident, the CISO (or whoever is in charge of security) or the CIO, or both, are usually axed. Someone’s head has to roll. But the resignation of the CEO is unusual, and I believe this marks an important turning point in the visibility, prioritization, importance, and funding of information security. It’s an indication of just how much:



Small and medium sized business (SMBs) in the UK are missing out on possible insurance deals that could be available to them if only they had a business continuity plan in place. This is according to a survey conducted by Cloud Direct of more than 500 UK SMBs.

The survey of 558 business and IT decision-makers revealed that 54% of respondents were unaware there were insurance benefits to having a business continuity plan, yet the British Insurance Brokers’ Association (Biba) has long committed to supporting business resilience measures with reduced insurance premiums and excesses. To promote this stance in 2012, they conducted a joint survey with the Cabinet Office, which found that 83% of insurers questioned would give a discount or improve terms to a business interruption policy if a business continuity plan were in place.




Many business activities and the resources that support them can be disrupted by severe weather. In fact, a survey by the Chartered Management Institute, in association with the BCI, BSI and the Cabinet Office, found that 54% of businesses reported being disrupted by severe weather in 2012, making it the number one cause of business disruption for the fourth year running. Most recently the winter of 2013/14 has been reported as the wettest winter in England and Wales since records began with heavy rainfall and storms causing widespread flooding and disruption.

It is not possible to say that climate change alone is causing the increase in these disruptive events. Other changes are putting more value at risk, such as increasingly lean and complex supply chains and development in vulnerable locations. However, what is clear is that both the frequency of severe weather events and the value at risk are increasing. This has implications for business continuity and broader business objectives.

Organizations need to be prepared for severe weather regardless of the cause. This can involve making physical, operational or strategic changes and includes actions that tackle the likelihood of damage or disruption as well as those aimed at managing its impacts. It can include preparing for opportunities as well as threats.

In partnership with BSI, the Environment Agency has developed a Smart Guide on Adapting to Climate Change using a business continuity management system. Aimed at BC professionals, the guide is freely available and is intended to help:

  • Understand how climate change is influencing their risks
  • Take the lead on managing such risks
  • Be confident that their BCMS will remain effective during disruptive events
  • Make the case for additional resources to implement BC or adaptation measures
  • Communicate effectively about risk management from severe weather and the approach to climate change adaptation both internally and externally.

The Smart Guide can be downloaded for free from here.

Being able to show a valid certificate for business continuity management is becoming increasingly important. Firstly, you can expect to parlay your hard-won certificate into financial advantage for your company in several ways. Secondly, many customer organisations also now insist that you demonstrate business continuity certification as a condition for doing business. The BS 25999-2 standard has been a popular benchmark of excellence in this area. However, this standard has now been superseded by ISO 22301:2012. If you currently hold BS 25999-2 certification, the BSI (British Standards Institution) states it will expire by 31st of May, 2014. The solution is to recertify under ISO 22301:2012. What does that mean in terms of impact?



Thursday, 24 April 2014 17:00

FERMA launches 2014 benchmarking survey

By staff reporter

The Federation of European Risk Management Associations (FERMA) has launched its 2014 Benchmarking Survey of European risk and insurance management, in association with its national association members in 20 European countries.

The FERMA Benchmarking Survey, which takes place every other year, is among the widest expression of the views of risk and insurance managers across Europe with more than 800 responses in 2012. An independent research company, Toluna, will collect the responses and compile the results.

To create the 2014 Benchmarking Survey, FERMA worked extensively with its member associations plus five commercial partners: AXA Corporate Solutions, EY, Marsh, XL Group and Zurich. Based on this collaboration, the survey will ask risk and insurance managers for their views on:



By staff reporter

An investment in safety and a proactive risk management strategy can provide real returns in terms of fewer accidents, lower costs, higher quality and a stronger reputation. These are among the findings of a new paper released by ACE Group that explores strategies for managing risk in the construction industry. The report reviews the importance of building a strong safety culture, and outlines the components of an effective construction risk management programme.

Building an Effective Strategy for Managing Construction Risk explains the need for a robust risk management strategy administered by safety and risk management experts who have a deep understanding of construction risk.



Thursday, 24 April 2014 16:58

BCI launch new 2020 Group


The first meeting of the Business Continuity Institute's new 2020 Group was held on the 22nd April at Credit Suisse's offices in Canary Wharf in London. The 2020 Group is a new Think Tank set up by the BCI to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Institute and to provide thought leadership to the industry as it prepares to face the challenges of the future.

Chaired by Lyndon Bird FBCI, the BCI’s Technical Director, and made up of senior figures from the industry, the purpose of the 2020 Group is to debate key issues relating to business continuity under the wider umbrella of resilience and produce high quality publications or academic journal articles that will provide value to those working within the industry. The 2020 Group will provide visionary insight into challenges facing business continuity practitioners, how the discipline is positioned in the risk landscape, and examine emerging trends.

In order to provide focus to the work of the group, it was decided to concentrate on trying to answer the question "What will BCM look like in 2020?" This question complements this year’s BCI Executive Forum in Amsterdam where discussion will centre on possible future business, political and cultural changes that will impact BCM as a discipline.

Speaking at the launch of the group, Lyndon Bird commented: "There is a need to think about the direction business continuity is taking. It may be the BCI's 20th anniversary, but instead of just celebrating the past, we thought it more appropriate to focus on the future and take stock of what is happening in an evolving discipline."


Techworld — The number of cyberattacks directed at cloud infrastructure is still below that experienced by on-premises data centres but will probably reach parity at some point, an analysis by security-as-a-service provider Alert Logic has suggested.

The firm's Cloud Security Report [reg required] looked at 232,364 verified security incidents at 2,212 organizations in North America and Western Europe over a 6-month period last year using the firm's own intrusion system, finding a predictable rise in attacks across all environments.

The top attack types for cloud hosting providers (CHPs), which formed 80 percent of the sample, centred on brute force attacks on credentials and scans for vulnerable software, both seen by seen by 44 percent of its customers. This find is significant because for the first time the numbers roughly match the percentage of customers reporting such incidents in on on-premises data centres.



The answer is clear, says the Linux fan. The Linux operating system has proven its dependability time and time again. If NASA uses Linux for the International Space Station, and Oracle and IBM make it a strategic plank in their systems platform, organisations everywhere can also rely on this open system for day-in, day-out business continuity. Not so fast, says the Microsoft Windows Server aficionado. Not only has the latest version, Windows Server 2012, made even bigger strides towards robust, continuous operation, but you’re also forgetting about several other BC factors that are just as important.



Countless hours and thousands of words have been spent extolling the need to get Senior Management buy-in for Business Continuity – an admirable effort.  Yet so little has been written about capturing the attention of BCM’s largest audience – line managers.  We shouldn’t assume that the threat of punishment (the ‘stick’) will suffice to gain their cooperation; instead we ought to dangle incentives (the ‘carrot’).  And the most valuable of these incentives is Knowledge Capture.

The old adage “You don’t miss your water ‘til your well runs dry” is applicable to Business Continuity Planning.

Documenting your Business Continuity strategies and alternatives presents a great opportunity to capture knowledge that exists in your organization, but may not be widely known (or may be hidden).



Most everyone who wants to be on the cloud has done so by now, in one form or another. In fact, many organizations that have yet to embrace the technology formally may be surprised to learn that their employees are already doing so informally.

But even among those with cloud policies in place, it is surprising to leading cloud experts how flimsy many of them are. To be sure, most organizations have detailed notions as to how to get on the cloud via virtualization and logical abstraction, but thought is rarely given to what to do with the cloud once it is established.

Author and technology analyst David Linthicum recently noted that while most enterprises are adept at deploying new technology, there is often a lack of planning as to how it can be utilized to produce the maximum benefit. For example, few strategies include items like governance for either services or resources. This is a biggie because without governance, you merely have another infrastructure stack to deal with rather than a cohesive data environment. Operations planning is also needed, unless you want your new cloud environment to suffer a “slow but sure death.”\



Thursday, 24 April 2014 14:56

New maritime risk rating system launched

By Deborah Ritchie

A new maritime risk rating system has been launched. The International Maritime Risk Rating Agency (IMRRA) was founded with the support of a number of major oil companies in their attempts to unify areas of marine risk assessment and management, making them more transparent and comprehensive. The commercial shipping industry transports more than 90% of the world’s cargo, and with this new system, IMRRA believes it can reflect unprecedented transparency in marine risk.

The new site has gone public with its oil tanker risk rating system, employing numerous major industry databases that are then compiled and refined into one field for further analysis and calculations before being assessed against a Risk Criteria Matrix. Key factors related to tanker safety are pinpointed, assessed and assigned numerical weighting values.

London-based IMRRA provides information on almost every tanker vessel currently operating in the oil shipping industry, allowing direct comparison with aggregated data, industry standards and the average risk calculation to provide an accurate overall score of any given vessel’s risks.



Andrew Griffin details six principles for ensuring that your organization is truly crisis ready.

Most of the work done in the name of crisis management is in fact crisis preparedness. “Are you ready to face the worst?” is a question that boards ask, regulators ask, governments ask and investors ask. They want to know that an organization and its senior management are in an advanced state of crisis preparedness. This article looks at how an organization can become ‘crisis ready’.

1. Preparing policy

Principle: Crisis management is a distinct component of an organization’s wider resilience framework.

Crisis management policy should explain how the organization thinks about and prepares for crises as a distinct component of a wider resilience framework.




Based on all of the diligent work of IT and information security organizations corporations and government agencies are beginning to see real progress on protecting their operations against external threats. However, the bad news is that we are being faced with a more difficult challenge of protecting our information assets from insider threats.

Insider attacks (data leakage, intellectual property theft, and data corruption and/or loss) account for as much as 80 percent of all computer and Internet related incidents and crimes. 70 percent of corporate attacks causing at least $20,000 of damage and threats that could have impact on national security are the direct result of malicious trusted insiders.

In fact, the US Secret Service - National Threat Center has indicated that: “The greatest information security threat facing your organization is in your office right now. It has the ability to bypass the physical and logical controls you have put into place to protect the perimeter of your network and has already obtained credentials to access a significant portion of your infrastructure.”



By Charlie Maclean-Bristol, MBCI, FEPS.

Throughout Scotland, at the moment, all conversations seem to quite quickly move on to the topic of the independence debate. I was sitting in the lounge bar of the Coll Hotel, on the Island of Coll, and could hear a lively debate going on in the public bar. It was a measured conversation and good points were being made on both sides. Most people I know seem to have made up their mind, so when I hear the issue being discussed it is usually just a rundown of the latest news and developments.

In terms of the debate within businesses there is a rather different attitude. Many public sector organizations have been told they are not allowed to talk about independence at all. Other organizations are keeping their head down, saying nothing publicly as they know they don’t want to be seen to belong to either camp, for fear the vote goes the wrong way and then there is a backlash against those who spoke out. For me it seems that only the large companies, such as Standard Life and Shell, that Scotland needs as much as they need Scotland, have the luxury of making their feelings on independence clear.

So what has Scottish independence got to do with business continuity?



The de Blasio administration has released a comprehensive diagnostic report on New York’s response to Hurricane Sandy, including an extensive set of recommendations to provide financial relief to homeowners and businesses and engage communities directly in the rebuilding process.

The report represents a major overhaul of currently active recovery programs—including expediting the process for families and businesses currently rebuilding and expanding eligibility for immediate relief; using the rebuilding and recovery process to expand economic opportunity and create job pathways for more New Yorkers; and improving coordination within the city and across levels of government. The report also provides details on the city’s infrastructure-related efforts to rebuild a stronger, more resilient New York to protect against future extreme weather and climate change.

The report follows a number of improvements made since January to cut red tape.

The full report is available here (PDF).

As businesses increasingly rely on external parties for critical services, they become more vulnerable to business interruptions. This is especially true when such businesses know little about their third party vendors' resiliency and recovery capabilities, according to a new PwC US whitepaper, which examines the effects that vendor resiliency, or lack thereof, can have on an organization's business continuity strategy.

Entitled, ‘Business continuity beyond company walls: When a crisis hits, will your vendors' resiliency match your own?’, the PwC report also notes that risk becomes greater when the organization has a limited understanding of its own business interruption threats, resiliency status and recovery capabilities and strategies.

"In a world of ever increasing dependence on third party vendors, you need to know if you can count on the other party when a crisis strikes," said Phil Samson, principal in PwC's Risk Assurance practice and the firm's Business Continuity Management services leader. "It's all about transparency - asking the right questions and pushing the right levers to determine whether your vendors will be able to weather a serious business interruption and quickly resume business as usual. The more you know about your own needs, your vendor's capabilities, and the robustness of your resiliency plans, the more comfort you'll have about staying on track toward your long-term strategic and operational goals even when faced with adverse developments."



Last week, news about yet another data breach at major retail outlets surfaced. As Krebs on Security reported, Michaels Stores Inc., which includes Michaels Arts and Crafts and Aaron Brothers stores, admitted that its stores suffered two different eight-month-long breaches over the past year. Approximately three million credit card numbers were compromised in these attacks.

These breaches are a big deal—especially as seen in conjunction with other high-profile retail breaches. Millions of consumers have been victimized in these security breakdowns, at no fault of their own.

It is no wonder that a new survey from research firm GfK found that an overwhelming majority of consumers, 88 percent, voiced concerns over the privacy of their information and data. According to eSecurity Planet:



Tuesday, 22 April 2014 15:40

The Green Data Center in the Real World

In an ideal world, all energy would be free, data resources would be unlimited, and every day would be Christmas, Easter and your birthday rolled into one.

But as my grandma always told me, “this ain’t a perfect world, kid.” As you can probably guess, grandma wasn’t one of those sweet, little old ladies who sat in rocking chairs all day knitting sweaters.

Enterprise executives, and the environmental lobbies that are prodding them, need to get real about two key aspects of the burgeoning “green data center” movement. The first is that no matter how often you place the word “free” in front of an eco-friendly endeavor – free heat, free cooling, free power – none of it is truly free. There is both a financial and environmental cost to everything we do.



Monday, 21 April 2014 13:41

For your bookshelf

n the coming months there will be some new books from us and our alumni which aim to contribute to areas of organisational resilience and assist in knowledge development; perhaps even encourage some debate:

‘In Hindsight’, edited by Robert Clark, is a collection of case-study based analyses related to continuity and organisational resilience carried out by an international cohort of our postgraduates with backgrounds and experience in multiple sectors



Enterprises today are still choosing to outsource many IT functions despite the sometimes negative views of the practice. For many businesses, the only way to affordably provide skilled IT services is to sign on with an outsourcing company. If your company is considering the option of outsourcing some of its IT processes, management should create a list of areas of concern and go through each scenario prior to signing on the dotted line with an outsourcer.

The foremost concern for the enterprise should, of course, be security and privacy. How would email, smartphones, instant messaging, VPNs, and even documents and paperwork be affected by outsourcing some IT services to a company overseas? Are your networks ready to handle such risk? Are proper governance and procedural documentation in place to spell out what is and is not allowed and how outsourcing issues will be handled?



Among the previous articles you’ve read in our blog, you may have noticed that besides discussing how good business continuity management can save organisations from disaster, we also like to point out where it can also simply save you money. Here’s one of those cases. Satellite communications may intuitively seem to be more expensive than landline links. It’s easy to assume that with project and launch costs running into astronomical amounts, it won’t necessarily be the cheapest option for making phone calls or network connections. But is that really the case?



CSO — As "bring your own device" (BYOD) reshapes the way organizations handle technology, how do we handle the uncertainty of legal liability and security concerns?

The answer lies in considering how BYOD changes the entire organization. Change is scary. More so when the impacts of the change, including legal liabilities, are unclear and relatively untested.

Change is also an opportunity. Employees are excited about BYOD and the chance to use devices they prefer. This gives security an opportunity to support the business, enable individuals, and improve security.

To ensure BYOD increases value while also increasing security requires different thinking and an approach that brings people together in a series of conversations.



Thursday, 17 April 2014 13:04

A New Era for Data Center Hardware

The enterprise industry is changing, and with it the data center itself. Virtualization, software-defined infrastructure and cloud computing are all changing the equation that organizations use to build and finance their data support capabilities, which has led many pundits to predict the end of the data center as we know it.

And perhaps it’s true, as I mentioned a few days ago, that we are on the verge of utility-style virtual data environments, but the bottom line is that no matter how services and applications are delivered, they have to reside on physical infrastructure somewhere. So even if enterprises of all stripes start shedding their local data centers for on-demand virtual infrastructure, it’s a safe bet that demand for enterprise-class hardware and middleware will remain vibrant for some time.



CHICAGO – Spring in the Midwest brings the potential for severe weather, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is encouraging everyone to take steps now to ensure your family is prepared. Don’t forget to consider the safety of your finances before a severe storm threatensyour area.

“Don’t hinder your recovery if disaster strikes. Take the time now to ensure criticaldocuments are safely stored, valuables are adequately insured, and potential spending needs are planned for,” said Andrew Velasquez III, regional administrator, FEMA Region V.

Rememberthese three steps: Identify, Enroll & Plan.

1. Identify your important documents and place them in a safe space: You can use FEMA’s Safeguarding Your Valuables activity and Emergency Financial First Aid Kit to help get you started.

• Scan important records such as medical records and financial documents, and save the files on disk or flash drives. Password-protect the data you have stored and keep the backup records in a safe deposit box or other off-site location.

• If you have no way to scan/copy records, store them in a flood and fireproof home safe or a safe deposit box. Avoid storing on the floor of a basement, especially if it is prone to flooding.

• Include any records that you may need immediately, such as medical records or medical contact information, in your disaster kit.

2. Enroll in online banking, direct deposit and/or Go Direct to minimize disruptions to receiving paychecks or any government benefits you may receive.

• Consider keeping a small amount of cash or traveler’s checks on hand in case ATMs or credit cards are not working.

3. Plan ahead of time to recover by considering your post-disaster needs and preparing for them now.

• Make a record of your personal property for insurance purposes, and if possible, take photos or a video of your home. Consider keeping a copy on a CD or flash drive in your disaster kit, so that you can provide it to your insurance company following a loss.

• Ensure you’re adequately insured. Contact your insurance agent to review your insurance coverage so your home is financially protected.

• Identify potential spending needs now, and plan for ways to meet those needs.

• Store contact information for all of your financial institutions; after a disaster contact your credit card company, your mortgage lender, and other creditors to let them know about your situation.

For valuable resources on financial readiness before a disaster, visit www.ready.gov/financialpreparedness. For even more readiness information follow FEMA Region V at twitter.com/femaregion5 and facebook.com/fema. Individuals can always find valuable severe weather preparedness information at www.ready.gov/severe-weatheror download the free FEMA app, available for Android, Apple or Blackberry devices.

FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

Follow FEMA online at twitter.com/femaregion5, www.facebook.com/fema, and www.youtube.com/fema.  Also, follow Administrator Craig Fugate's activities at twitter.com/craigatfema. The social media links provided are for reference only. FEMA does not endorse any non-government websites, companies or applications.

Thursday, 17 April 2014 13:02

Lessons Learned from Winter’s Wrath

What a winter. As the “polar vortex” pushed cold weather from the arctic all the way to the deep south in the United States, severe snow storms and frigid temperature cost the American economy billions. While there have been obvious physical losses, such as roof collapses and endless potholes to repair, three less evident balance sheet exposures have wreaked havoc across a broad swath of industries. People are paying attention to the economic impact of the weather (witness #frozenomics on Twitter, a term coined by CNBC).  Here are some of the weather-related exposures we are watching:

  1. Event cancellations. This season’s major snowstorms and unrelenting freeze forced the cancellation of countless events, from conferences, to sporting events. Event hosts have suffered not only lost revenue from attendees, they forfeited the merchandise sales and “sunken costs” – from signage to non-refundable food and beverage deposits -of their suddenly defunct events. Even those that staged events far from the possibility of snowflakes felt the fallout, as airlines cancelled flights in record numbers. (Some 13,500 flights were cancelled in one week in February alone. ) In many cases, attendees just could not make the trip, as winter weather halted transport to even sunny locales.



CIO — The amount of electronic information (e.g., documents, images, emails, videos) organizations produce is staggering. Storing all your digital data in your data center can be expensive. That's why cloud storage -- which often comes at a fraction of the cost of storing the information on-premises -- has become increasingly popular.

But before you think of storage in the cloud, you need to be sure to clearly identify your needs, says Chris Poelker, vice president, Enterprise Solutions, FalconStor Software, a provider of data protection, virtualization, backup, disaster-recovery and deduplication services. "Is high performance [and availability] important, or are you just looking to archive data?"

You should also do some research before choosing where to store your digital data, as not all cloud storage vendors (and service level agreements, or SLAs) are the same.



Richard Chambers, CIA, CGAP, CCSA, CRMA, shares his personal reflections and insights on the internal audit profession.  

Generally speaking, I think internal auditors do a good job of assessing risks and developing risk-based audit plans. But there is always a danger that unfamiliar risks may be overlooked or that rapidly emerging risks will render even the best crafted audit plans obsolete. If you typically undertake risk assessments only once or twice a year, you may not have incorporated several risks that have suddenly burst onto the radar of management or the board of your organization.

Here are some areas that should be in our risk crosshairs in 2014:



Wednesday, 16 April 2014 14:38

Big Data Security Context

CSO — I just finished up a lengthy tour through Latin America and Asia, as described in many of my latest blogs. Most recently I was in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ). I had the opportunity to work with various government agencies, organizations within critical infrastructure and general enterprise businesses across ANZ. Their primary topic of interest: big data. More specifically, they were interested in determining what needs to be part of a successful big data security strategy.

Years ago some organizations throughout ANZ viewed cyber security in the same way they viewed physical security in response to nation-state threats. Because ANZ has a land and sea gap physically separating them from other countries, there was a feeling of separation and protection from the nefarious activities that might be happening around the world. Of course others realized, as almost all do today, that cyber attacks have grater range than a jet fighter or ICBM regardless of whether they're perpetrated by nation-states, cyber criminals or activists. To address this issue, organizations are trying to optimize their use of big data security by letting the machines do the heavy lifting and allowing the humans to manage by exception.



Everyone makes mistakes, but for social media teams, one wrong click can mean catastrophe. @USAirways experienced this yesterday when it responded to a customer complaint on Twitter with a pornographic image, quickly escalating into every social media manager’s worst nightmare.

Not only is this one of the most obscene social media #fails to date, but the marketers operating the airline’s Twitter handle left the post online for close to an hour. In the age of social media, it might as well have remained up there for a decade. Regardless of how or why this happened, this event immediately paints a picture of incompetence at US Airways, as well as the newly merged American Airlines brand.

It also indicates a lack of effective oversight and governance.

While details are still emerging, initial reports indicate that human error was the cause of the errant US Airways tweet, which likely means it was a copy and paste mistake or the image was saved incorrectly and selected from the wrong stream. In any case, basic controls could have prevented this brand disaster:



When it comes to IT security, the complexity of managing all the technologies involved often seems like a clear-cut case of insult being continuously added to injury.

Looking to address that complexity issue, Trend Micro today announced an upgrade to the Trend Micro Complete User Protection suite of endpoint security software that makes it much easier to both deploy a mix of IT security technologies as well as acquire them in the age of the cloud.

Confronted with a dizzying array of security products in and out of the cloud, Eric Skinner, vice president of solutions marketing for Trend Micro, concedes it’s very likely that customers are unprotected simply because they failed to acquire the right type of security product to address a particular class of known threats. The primary reason for that failure, says Skinner, is often the complex line card of products that security vendors present to customers. Presented with a raft of options and a limited budget, customers often wind up making a best guess as to which endpoint software to deploy.



With so many data centers making up the firmament of the cloud these days, it’s only natural that a pantheon of service providers would emerge to offer disaster recovery as a cloud service.

The latest cloud service provider to join the list of vendors offering such services is VMware, which today is unfurling the VMware vCloud Hybrid Service Disaster Recovery offering as part of its public cloud service.

Angelos Kottas, director of product marketing for the VMware Hybrid Cloud unit, says the VMware disaster recovery service is designed to replicate virtual machines over a wide area network every 15 minutes. Recovery point objectives (RPOs) for the service can be set for anywhere between 15 minutes to 24 hours.



It is hard to imagine any people, collectively, being better prepared for earthquakes than the Japanese. Their country is one long seismic zone, which at any moment could, literally, rock and roll. Every Sept. 1, across the archipelago, Japanese engage in exercises devoted to disaster awareness: what to do should the worst happen. The occasion resonates with history. On that date in 1923, the Great Kanto earthquake devastated Tokyo and nearby Yokohama, unleashing fire and fury that left more than 100,000 people dead. After that, Japan resolved that it would prepare for whatever cataclysm nature might throw at it.

And yet.

When a huge earthquake struck Kobe in southern Japan in January 1995, killing more than 6,400, the national government and local officials stood accused of foot-dragging — a slow response that, among other failings, cost some people their lives and left as many as 300,000 others out in the cold, homeless for far too long. Comparable indictments of the authorities were heard in 2011 after the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, which overwhelmed parts of northeastern Japan and created the enduring nuclear nightmare at the crippled Fukushima Daiichi power plant.



The MSc Organisational Resilience (OR) at Buckinghamshire New University is loading up with students very rapidly.  The MSc OR is designed to meet the requirements of business, public and private sectors globally and the professionals who are either currently employed in its disciplines or who seek to develop advanced capability.  Our approach has been to design and deliver an accessible postgraduate programme that reflects sector currency and assists in the drive towards further professionalism and research capabilities.  This, we believe, is crucial to developing fluency what is becoming recognised as a coherent, rather than distinct and completely separable, group of linked subjects.  In this programme; the development of mastery in understanding of these links, in their applicability to organisations and business, and the high-level knowledge, confidence and capability necessary to be fully effective as an OR professional are considered to be essential and explicit educational outcomes.

To support and as an adjunct to these requirements, the MSc OR is also designed to meet the needs of students who are, or who aspire to be, employed as managers and as sector influencers in the wide subject area of OR.  There are many currently working in the sector that have long-term experience and are seeking validation and evidence of this through the achievement of postgraduate qualification. In particular, applied postgraduate programmes and awards are considered to be the most desirable and required awards by companies and employers.  Industry also requires, because of the growing inter-relationship and blurred boundaries between the various elements, and the constant development of new risks and the need to mitigate them; the development of organisational and individual capability and knowledge across a range of contributing areas.   Therefore, this programme is designed to educate those with a specialist interest in the following areas and sub-disciplines:



CIO — It's hard to resist the sparkly nirvana that big data, leveraged appropriately, promises to those who choose to embrace it. You can transform your business, become more relevant to your customers, increase your profits and target efficiencies in your market all by simply taking a look at the data you probably already have in your possession but have been ignoring due to a lack of qualified talent to glean value from it.

Enter the data scientist — arguably one of the hottest jobs on the market. The perfect candidate is a numbers whiz and savant at office politics who plays statistical computing languages like a skilled pianist. But it can be hard to translate that ideal into an actionable job description and screening criteria.

This article explains several virtues to look for when identifying suitable candidates for an open data scientist position on your team. It also notes some market dynamics when it comes to establishing compensation packages for data scientists.



Computerworld — The IT response to Heartbleed is almost as scary as the hole itself. Patching it, installing new certificates and then changing all passwords is fine as far as it goes, but a critical follow-up step is missing. We have to fundamentally rethink how the security of mission-critical software is handled.

Viewed properly, Heartbleed is a gift to IT: an urgent wake-up call to fundamental problems with how Internet security is addressed. If the call is heeded, we could see major improvements. If the flaw is just patched and then ignored, we're doomed. (I think we've all been doomed for years, but now I have more proof.)

Let's start with how Heartbleed happened. It was apparently created accidentally two years ago by German software developer Robin Seggelmann. In an interview with the Sydney Morning Herald, Seggelmann said, "I was working on improving OpenSSL and submitted numerous bug fixes and added new features. In one of the new features, unfortunately, I missed validating a variable containing a length."



So what will you choose: public cloud, private cloud – or perhaps a solution in between? The flexibility and scalability of the cloud have also made it well suited to partial use, namely the hybrid cloud solution. Those who can’t quite make up their mind can have as much or as little of the cloud as suits them. However, it’s better still to approach this resource with a clear IT strategy in mind and to make a hybrid cloud solution a deliberate choice, rather than a vague default. Here are two possibilities that could drive a hybrid cloud decision.



IDG News Service (San Francisco Bureau) — Canada's tax authority and a popular British parenting website both lost user data after attackers exploited the Heartbleed SSL vulnerability, they said Monday.

The admissions are thought to be the first from websites that confirm data loss as a result of Heartbleed, which was first publicized last Tuesday. The flaw existed in Open SSL, a cryptographic library used by thousands of websites to enableA encryption, and was quickly labeled one of the most serious security vulnerabilities in years.

The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) blocked public access to its online services last Tuesday in reaction to the announcement, but that wasn't fast enough to stop attackers from stealing information, it said on its website.



IDG News Service (Washington, D.C., Bureau) — More U.S. Internet users report they have been victims of data breach, while 80 percent want additional restrictions against sharing of online data, according to two surveys released Monday.

While nearly half of all U.S. Internet users avoid at least one type of online service because of privacy concerns, according to a survey by marketing research firm GfK, 18 percent reported as of January that important personal information was stolen from them online, a poll from the Pew Research Center's Internet and American Life Project found. That's an increase from 11 percent last July.

"As online Americans have become ever more engaged with online life, their concerns about the amount of personal information available about them online have shifted as well," Mary Madden, a senior researcher at Pew, wrote in a blog post. "When we look at how broad measures of concern among adults have changed over the past five years, we find that internet users have become more worried about the amount of personal information available about them online."



“We don’t need no education . . .”

I couldn’t help but think of that line from a Pink Floyd song when I saw the headline on an eSecurity Planet article, “Majority of Employees Don’t Receive Security Awareness Training.”

The article goes on to report on a study by Enterprise Management Associates called Security Awareness Training: It's Not Just for Compliance. The study interviewed 600 people at companies of all sizes, from the very small to the very large, and what it found was that more than half of employees not working in IT or security receive no security awareness training. However, business size did make a difference – midsize businesses fared the worst when it comes to security education.



Tuesday, 15 April 2014 14:11

Is the Virtual Data Center Inevitable?

Given the state of virtual and cloud-based infrastructure, it’s almost impossible not to think about end-to-end data environments residing in abstract software layers atop physical infrastructure.

But is the virtual data center (VDC) really in the cards? And if so, does it mean all data environments will soon gravitate toward these ethereal constructs, or will there still be use cases for traditional, on-premises infrastructure?

Undoubtedly, a fully virtualized data operation offers many advantages. Aside from the lower capital and operating costs, it will be much easier to support mobile communications, collaboration, social networking and many of the other trends that are driving the knowledge workforce to new levels of productivity.



I saw an encouraging sign the other day in a Tech Target 2014 Market Intelligence report.  It provided a list of the top IT projects for this year based on a survey of IT professionals.  Number one of the list was server virtualization.  And number two?  Business Continuity/Disaster Recovery (BC/DR).

That’s big news for us at the Disaster Recovery Preparedness Council.  It’s our mission to raise awareness of the need for BC/DR planning and help IT professionals to benchmark their current DR practices and implement ways to improve DR planning and recovery in the event of an outage or disaster.

So, given the results of the Tech Target report, you need to ask yourself where BD/DR falls on your list of priorities this year.  Maybe you’ve got a formal plan and a budget for BC/DR but many companies still do not.  That doesn’t mean you can’t start to develop and/or improve your business continuity strategy today.



Monday, 14 April 2014 15:08

Take Off the Blinders

It’s been an extraordinary month, with scenarios that include a missing plane (see Divya Yadav’s research note); another round of deaths at Fort Hood just as the report on lessons learned in the Washington Shipyard was released; a Supreme Court decision that makes us wonder if the justices believe that free speech is the same as money; and, right in our backyard, a devastating mudslide from which not all the bodies have been removed.

The month also included the first meeting of the mayor’s City of Seattle Disaster Recovery Plan Executive Advisory Group, of which I am a member. This group is charge with imagining how recovery efforts, not the response itself, might proceed, and to consider how some planning now might make decisions easier to make after a catastrophic event such as an earthquake:  “what policy changes, planning or other strategies should be acted on now?  How will we ensure we have the necessary resources (staff, equipment, facilities, etc.) to get back to acceptable levels of service and to meet our legal mandates?”



Monday, 14 April 2014 15:05

AI Gets its Groove Back

Computerworld — Try this: Go online to translate.google.com.

In the left-hand input box, type, "The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak." In the right-hand box, decide which language you want it translated to. After it's translated the first time, copy the translated text and paste it into the left-hand box for conversion back into English.

If you don't get exactly the original text, the back-translation will in all likelihood still reflect at least part of the original thought: That the actions of the subject fell short of his or her intentions and not that the wine was good but the meat was tasteless, which the phrase could mean in a literal translation.



IDG News Service — Four researchers working separately have demonstrated a server's private encryption key can be obtained using the Heartbleed bug, an attack thought possible but unconfirmed.

The findings come shortly after a challenge created by CloudFlare, a San Francisco-based company that runs a security and redundancy service for website operators.

CloudFlare asked the security community if the flaw in the OpenSSL cryptographic library, made public last week, could be used to obtain the private key used to create an encrypted channel between users and websites, known as SSL/TLS (Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Security Layer).



Due to the complexities of making products, most manufacturers are used to having large influxes of data from machines, processes, shipping, etc. What may be new to these companies, though, is having tools to retrieve actionable information from these piles of Big Data.

LNS Research and Mesa International teamed up to compile a survey of manufacturers on how they are using new technologies. Among the information gathered was how these companies felt they could use Big Data from the manufacturing plants and the overall enterprise. Of the more than 200 responses, 46 percent felt that Big Data analysis could help them “better forecast products” and production. Another 39 percent believed that Big Data mining will allow them to “service and support customers faster.” Other metrics from the survey include:



The number of countries with downgraded political risk ratings grew in the last year, as all five emerging market BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) saw their risk rating increase, according to Aon’s 2014 Political Risk Map.

As a result, countries representing a large share of global output experienced a broad-based increase in political risk including political violence, government interference and sovereign non-payment risk, Aon said.

The 2014 map shows that 16 countries were downgraded in 2014 compared to 12 in 2013. Only six countries experienced upgrades (where the territory risk is rated lower than the previous year), compared to 13 in 2013.

Aon noted that Brazil’s rating was downgraded because political risks have been increasing from moderate levels as economic weakness has increased the role of the government in the economy.



Monday, 14 April 2014 15:01

Business Continuity Flash Blog

On Tuesday 18th March 2014, as part of the Business Continuity Awareness Week activities, we witnessed the first ever BC Flash Blog. This is probably a new term to most readers, it is a virtual Flash Mob – but instead of a dance routine the participants wrote and published their own blog post or article.

The event featured 22 writers, from all sectors of the BC industry – and from various corners of the globe. All the articles were on the same subject, and published at the same time. In keeping with the BCAW theme, the subject was “Counting the costs, and benefits, for business continuity”, with each writer taking their own, unique, perspective on this issue.

If you haven’t already done so, you can find links to all 22 of these blogs here. If we do nothing else, we can at least pay these writers the respect of reading their work.



CSO — Size matters when it comes to security, according to Davi Ottenhelmer. Ottenhelmer, senior director of trust at EMC, titled his presentation at SOURCE Boston Wednesday, "Delivering Security at Big Data Scale," and began with the premise that, "as things get larger, a lot of our assumptions break."

The advertised promise of Big Data is that it will help enterprises make better decisions and more accurate predictions, but Ottenhelmer contends that is placing far too much trust in systems that are not well secured. "We're making the same mistakes we've made before," he said. "We're not baking security into Big Data we're expecting somebody else to do it later on." Ottenhelmer, who is completing a book titled,A "Realities of Big Data Security," said he does defense research, and focuses on avoidance and detection. "Avoidance is the best way to escape a damaging attack," he said. "You can move data centers at real-time speeds. You can keep the old one as honeypot, and just observe what's going on with it without causing any harm. Big Data allows it now more than ever."



Qualification: Diploma

Study mode: Distance learning

Location: High Wycombe

Credits: 90

As a further membership option, the BCI and Bucks New University, via their unique partnership, have designed a programme to develop and deliver this new qualification, delivered over three, ten-week distance modules.

Is this course for me?

As a further membership option, the BCI and Bucks New University, via their unique partnership, have designed a programme to develop and deliver a new qualification - the BCI Diploma. This is a 30 week, 90 credit, professional course aimed at the following prospective students:



IDG News Service — Much of the talk on the Web this week has focused on the Heartbleed security fiasco. Still unsure as to what's happening with Heartbleed and how it impacts you? Here's our quick-and-dirty guide.

What exactly is Heartbleed?

Heartbleed is a vulnerability in OpenSSL, an open-source implementation of the SSL/TLS encryption protocol.A When exploited, the flaw could expose information stored in a server's memory, including not-at-all-trivial things like your username, password, and other bits of personal data. Since OpenSSL is particularly popular among website administrators, a significant number of your favorite websites may be affected by Heartbleed--research firm Netcraft puts the number at half-a-million sites.

Should I panic?

Panicking is not terribly productive, and, since it involves a lot of running around like a chicken with your head cut off, potentially exhausting. That's no way to go through life. Still, this is a serious matter, and it'll require a little more action on your part than adapting a "this too shall pass" mindset.



Network World — The Heartbleed Bug, a flaw in OpenSSL that would let attackers eavesdrop on Web, e-mail and some VPN communications, is a vulnerability that can be found not just in servers using it but also in network gear from Cisco and Juniper Networks. Both vendors say there's still a lot they are investigating about how Heartbleed impacts their products, and to expect updated advisories on a rolling basis.

Juniper detailed a long list in two advisories, one here and the other here. Cisco acted in similar fashion with its advisory.

"Expect a product by product advisory about vulnerabilities," says Cisco spokesman Nigel Glennie, explaining that Cisco engineers are evaluating which Cisco products use the flawed versions of OpenSSL that may need a patch though not all necessarily will. That's because Cisco believes it's a specific feature in OpenSSL that is at the heart of the Heartbleed vulnerability and that it's not always turned on in products.



IDG News Service — Website and server administrators will have to spend considerable time, effort and money to mitigate all the security risks associated with Heartbleed, one of the most severe vulnerabilities to endanger encrypted SSL communications in recent years.

The flaw, which was publicly revealed Monday, is not the result of a cryptographic weakness in the widely used TLS (Transport Layer Security) or SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) communication protocols, but stems from a rather mundane programming error in a popular SSL/TLS library called OpenSSL that's used by various operating systems, Web server software, browsers, mobile applications and even hardware appliances and embedded systems.

Attackers can exploit the vulnerability to force servers that use OpenSSL versions 1.0.1 through 1.0.1f to expose information from their private memory space. That information can include confidential data like passwords, TLS session keys and long-term server private keys that allow decrypting past and future SSL traffic captured from the server.



I don’t think I’ve ever seen the reaction to an Internet security problem like the reaction I’m seeing with the Heartbleed bug. I expected to get email messages from security experts, but not the volume that has been coming in. Then I logged on to Facebook, and my feed was in pandemonium. People are totally freaked out by the news of this vulnerability, but I’m not sure which concerns them more: That their personal information may be compromised or that they are going to have to change a lot of passwords.

Let’s take a deep breath and get some points straight. I reached out to a number of experts to get their insights into this issue.

First, we should all take this very seriously. For those who may not understand what the Heartbleed bug is, the Heartbleed bug website explains it clearly:



If I had a top ten list of PR models, it would be Tesla and Elon Musk. He got a bum review in the New York Times and his damage control strategy was to demonstrate that the reviewer was less than honest. I thought no way could he win that battle. He did. The US government, typical of government-by-headline, launched a safety investigation against the cars after a battery fire caused lurid news stories. What did Tesla do? Used the opportunity to make it clear to the world just how safe their cars actually are. Lemons to lemonade. (I blogged on these stories earlier–just enter Tesla in the search on this blog).



Computerworld — A federal court in New Jersey this week affirmed the Federal Trade Commission's contention that it can sue companies on charges related to data breaches, a major victory for the agency.

Judge Esther Salas of the U.S. District Court for the District Court of New Jersey ruled that the FTC can hold companies responsible for failing to use reasonable security practices.

Wyndham Worldwide Corp. had challenged a 2012 FTC lawsuit in connection with a data breach that exposed hundreds of thousands of credit and debit cards and resulted in more than $10.6 million in fraud losses.