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Volume 27, Issue 3

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June 11, 2014

Largest Measles Outbreak in 20 Years Tests Health Departments

Local health departments across the country are working to mitigate the re-emergence of measles in the United States. Just this year, 334 cases have been reported from Jan. 1 to May 30, 2014. According to the CDC, this number marks a 20-year high five months into the calendar year. Measles is typically brought to the United States from other countries by unvaccinated U.S. travelers. Outbreaks can occur when the virus is transmitted from travelers to other exposed unvaccinated individuals. This year’s rise in cases can be attributed to what is happening at the global level. Of the cases reported this year in which the origin could be traced, nearly half were linked to travel to the Philippines. The CDC recognizes the ongoing outbreak in the Philippines — where about 40,000 cases have been reported this year — as one of the leading factors in the increase of cases in the United States.

In the United States, Ohio and California have seen the largest numbers of cases, with a majority linked to travel to the Philippines. In Ohio, the largest outbreak occurred among the Amish community near Knox County and contiguous counties, where travelers returning from a mission trip spread measles to unvaccinated members of the community. Local health departments in both states have been actively responding to these outbreaks to control and prevent further transmission.

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http://www.emergencymgmt.com/health/Largest-Measles-Outbreak-in-20-Years.html