What is Bioterrorism? Bioterrorism is the intentional use of harmful biological agents to cause widespread illness, fear, panic, or death. The agents of most concern are anthrax, plague, smallpox, tularemia, ebola, and botulism – all hard to detect and potentially life-threatening. Background Although weapons of mass destruction and bioterrorism were presented at conferences and talked about in the hallways prior to the anthrax events of 2001, business continuity planners rarely included them in the planning process. It was hard enough to maintain funding levels to protect the company’s business practices and information. And as we saw in the aftermath of hurricanes Katrina and Rita, local, state, and federal government agencies suffered from that same lack of funding. The Issue Is Real A bioterrorism attack on the United States will require a means of dispersal – air, food, water, or some other medium – causing injury or death through inhalation, ingestion, or bodily contact.